Palmitic acid-modified poly-L-lysine for non-viral delivery of plasmid DNA to skin fibroblasts.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Biomacromolecules (Impact Factor: 5.37). 05/2007; 8(4):1059-63. DOI: 10.1021/bm060940x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Palmitic acid conjugates of poly-L-lysine (PLL-PA) were prepared, and their ability to deliver plasmid DNA into human skin fibroblasts was evaluated in vitro. The conjugates were capable of condensing a 4.7 kb plasmid DNA into 50-200 nm particles (mean +/- SD = 112 +/- 34 nm), which were slightly smaller than the particles formed by PLL (mean +/- SD = 126 +/- 51 nm). Both PLL and PLL-PA were readily taken up by the cells, but PLL-PA delivered the plasmid DNA into a higher proportion of cells. DNA delivery was found to be reduced by endocytosis inhibitor Brefeldin A, suggesting an active mechanism of particle uptake. Using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as a reporter gene, PLL-PA was found to give the highest number of EGFP-positive cells among several carriers tested, including polyethyleneimine, Lipofectamine-2000, and an adenovirus. Although some carriers gave a higher percentage of EGFP-positive cells than PLL-PA, they were also associated with higher toxicities. We conclude that PLL-PA is a promising gene carrier for non-viral modification of human fibroblasts.

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