Temporopolar epidural transcavernous transpetrous approach. Technique and indications
ABSTRACT Several selective approaches have been recommended for access to the petroclival region (PCR). However, locoregional extension of the tumor may necessitate more extensive procedures. Dissections from injected specimens allowed us to describe the different osteodural triangles that are exposed to provide an extensive access to the PCR.
The bony step included a temporopterional flap and exposure of the paraclinoid carotid after removal of the anterior clinoid process. The sphenoid wing was then extensively drilled, exposing the foramen rotundum and ovale. An anterior petrosectomy was subsequently performed. The dura propria of the cavernous sinus was elevated as far as the Meckel cave. The sylvian fissure was also opened. Then, the temporobasal dura and the dura from the posterior surface of the petrous bone were opened and the superior petrosal sinus was coagulated and divided. The tentorium was divided toward its free edge.
Via this approach, cranial nerves from the olfactory tract to the acousticofacial bundle are exposed. In the same way, the ventral and lateral surface of the pons is identified.
The epidural temporopolar transcavernous transpetrous approach is useful to expose during the same procedure, elements of the posterior and middle cranial fossa. It is of particular value when managing tumors simultaneously involving the PCR, the parasellar, and the suprasellar regions.
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ABSTRACT: The invasion of bone responsible for hyperostosis is a typical phenomenon associated with en-plaque meningiomas. Although the sphenoid wing and spheno-orbital region are most frequently affected, petrosal involvement is rare and its surgical treatment difficult. Hyperostosis is caused by bone invasion, is responsible for the clinical signs, and prompts the surgeon to use an à la carte drilling that has to be evaluated preoperatively and carried out depending on tumor extension and the treatment goals. We report two cases of invasive and evolving en-plaque petrosal meningiomas. Hyperostosis, bony modifications, and intracranial portion of the lesion were responsible for cophosis, facial palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, dysphonia, and laryngeal palsy in one case, and were responsible for hearing loss and facial palsy in the other case. In both cases, the à la carte petrosectomy allowed us to achieve total removal of the lesion. In one case, we used a trans- and infralabyrinthine transjugular approach (to control the extension of the lesion in the jugular foramen, within the sinusojugular axis, and in the internal auditory canal), associated with an anterior petrosectomy (to control the invaded petrous apex, Meckel's cave, and a middle cranial fossa extension). In the other case, we used a retro- and infralabyrinthine transsigmoid transtentorial approach to control the venous axis, the posterior fossa dura, and the tentorium. Total removal of the tumor including bone invasion was achieved in both cases. Neurological deficits improved or remain unchanged. Transient postoperative facial palsy recovered in two months. An à la carte petrosectomy performed by a surgical team with great expertise in the field of petrous bone anatomy and segmentation should lead to total removal including exposure of the dural tail and intracranial portion of the tumor, while preserving all cranial nerve functions.Neurochirurgie 11/2008; 55(1):25-35. DOI:10.1016/j.neuchi.2008.08.115 · 0.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tumors within Meckel's cave are challenging and often require complex approaches. In this report, an expanded endoscopic endonasal approach is reported as a substitute for or complement to other surgical options for the treatment of various tumors within this region. A database of more than 900 patients who underwent the expanded endoscopic endonasal approach at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 1998 to March of 2008 were reviewed. From these, only patients who had an endoscopic endonasal approach to Meckel's cave were considered. The technique uses the maxillary sinus and the pterygopalatine fossa as part of the working corridor. Infraorbital/V2 and the vidian neurovascular bundles are used as surgical landmarks. The quadrangular space is opened, which is bound by the internal carotid artery medially and inferiorly, V2 laterally, and the abducens nerve superiorly. This offers direct access to the anteroinferomedial segment of Meckel's cave, which can be extended through the petrous bone to reach the cerebellopontine angle. Forty patients underwent an endoscopic endonasal approach to Meckel's cave. The most frequent abnormalities encountered were adenoid cystic carcinoma, meningioma, and schwannomas. Meckel's cave and surrounding structures were accessed adequately in all patients. Five patients developed a new facial numbness in at least 1 segment of the trigeminal nerve, but the deficit was permanent in only 2. Two patients had a transient VIth cranial nerve palsy. Nine patients (30%) showed improvement of preoperative deficits on Cranial Nerves III to VI. In selected patients, the expanded endoscopic endonasal approach to the quadrangular space provides adequate exposure of Meckel's cave and its vicinity, with low morbidity.Neurosurgery 04/2009; 64(3 Suppl):ons71-82; discussion ons82-3. DOI:10.1227/01.NEU.0000335162.36862.54 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the microsurgical anatomy of the superior petroclival region, and thus provide an anatomical basis for operative approaches. The frontotemporal-orbitozygomatic approach was performed on 20 sides of 10 adult cadaver heads. In comparison to the range of the exposure with the removal of the anterior clinoid process, posterior clinoid process and part of the tip of the petrous bone, we measured the neurovascular course and their relation to the superior petroclival region. We found that the trochlear nerve goes through the edge of the tentorial marginal branch, taking 5.42 mm (4.26-6.96) away from the ophthalmic nerve. Exposing the arteria basilaris, above the middle piece the length of exposure is 15.52 mm (14.22-16.70), resulting in the posterior cerebral artery and the front part of the midbrain being completely exposed. There is little exposure on the front part of the pons and midbrain with a length of 5.6 mm (4.38-6.82). Removing the partial petrosal bones, the inferior segment of the basal artery is exposed, while 4 other nerves cab also be observed: Cranial, abducens, facial and vestibulocochlear. The frontotemporal-zygomatic arch approach can clearly expose the superior petroclival region. Obtaining more information on the relationship between the location of these structures, is therefore helpful in improving the safety and success of surgery in this region.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 01/2011; 2(6):1211-1214. DOI:10.3892/etm.2011.345 · 1.27 Impact Factor