Bariatric surgery in adolescents: recent national trends in use and in-hospital outcome.
ABSTRACT To analyze recent nationwide trends in the use of adolescent bariatric surgery and to compare early postoperative outcomes of adolescents and adults undergoing these procedures.
Analysis of national administrative data by using survey analysis techniques.
Data obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1996 to 2003.
Adolescents (aged <20 years) and adults undergoing bariatric surgery. Intervention Bariatric surgery.
Population-based case rates, major postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and mortality.
The population-based annual adolescent bariatric case volume varied little between 1996 and 2000 but more than tripled from 2000 to 2003. Despite this trend, only 771 bariatric procedures were performed in adolescents in 2003, representing fewer than 0.7% of bariatric procedures performed nationwide. Univariate comparison with data from 2003 showed a similar in-hospital complication rate in adolescents and adults but a significantly shorter length of stay among adolescents. Although in-hospital mortality was observed in 0.2% of adults, no in-hospital deaths were observed in any adolescents.
Although procedure rates have increased recently, bariatric surgery in adolescents remains an uncommonly performed procedure. These data support efforts to align bariatric surgery programs for adolescents initially with higher volume programs for adults and to develop multicenter collaborative studies directed at defining the short- and long-term effect of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese adolescents.
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ABSTRACT: Prevalence rates of overweight and obesity have increased in German children and adolescents in the last three decades. Adolescents with extreme obesity represent a distinct risk group. On the basis of data obtained by the German Child and Youth Survey (KiGGS) and the German district military offices we estimate that the group of extremely obese adolescents (BMI >= 35 kg/m2) currently encompasses approximately 200.000 adolescents aged 14 to 21 yrs. Conventional approaches focusing on weight reduction have largely proven futile for them. In addition, only a small percentage of adolescents with extreme obesity seek actively treatment for obesity while contributing disproportionately strong to health care costs. Because of somatic and psychiatric co-morbidities and social problems adolescents with extreme obesity require special attention within the medical care system.We have initiated the project "Medical and psychosocial implications of adolescents with extreme obesity - acceptance and effects of structured care, short: 'Youths with Extreme Obesity Study (YES)'", which aims at improving the medical care and social support structures for youths with extreme obesity in Germany. We focus on identification of these subjects (baseline examination) and their acceptance of diagnostic and subsequent treatment procedures. In a randomized controlled trial (RCT) we will investigate the effectiveness of a low key group intervention not focusing on weight loss but aimed at the provision of obesity related information, alleviation of social isolation, school and vocational integration and improvement of self-esteem in comparison to a control group treated in a conventional way with focus on weight loss. Interested individuals who fulfill current recommended criteria for weight loss surgery will be provided with a structured preparation and follow-up programs. All subjects will be monitored within a long-term observational study to elucidate medical and psychosocial outcomes. Our aim is to evaluate realistic treatment options. Therefore inclusion and exclusion criteria are minimized.We will recruit adolescents (age range 14--21 years) with extreme obesity (BMI >= 35 kg/m2) (extreme group) within 24 months (120 per centre, 5 centres) as well as obese adolescents being at risk for developing extreme obesity (BMI >= 30 -- 34.9 kg/m2) (at risk group). Follow-up evalutations will be performed biannually after inclusion and is planned to be extended in case of additional funding. In sum, we aim at establishing evaluated health care structures for extremely obese adolescents. The results of YES will be of importance for a frequently neglected group of individuals, for whom current medicine has little to offer in terms of structured access to empirically evaluated therapeutic programs. Thus, the results will be both a help for the adolescents within the study and for others in the future given that the trial will lead to a positive finding. Moreover, it will help practitioners and therapists to deal with this neglected group of individuals.Trial registrationProject registration numbers for each subproject: 1.) ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01625325, NCT01703273, NCT01662271, NCT01632098; 2.) Germanctr.de: DRKS00004172, DRKS00004195, DRKS00004198, DRKS00004197.BMC Public Health 08/2013; 13(1):789. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine whether subgroups could be identified among a sample of adolescents presenting for bariatric surgery. Participants were 125 severely obese adolescents enrolled in a bariatric surgery program referred for a psychiatric evaluation. A latent class analysis was conducted with self-report and clinician-rated measures of depressive symptoms, total problems by the Youth Self-Report Scale, anxiety severity, eating pathology, psychiatric diagnoses, quality of life, and family functioning. A 3-class model yielded the best overall fit to the data. Adolescents in the ?eating pathology? class demonstrated high levels of both eating disordered and other psychopathology. The second class, or ?low psychopathology? class exhibited the fewest psychosocial problems, whereas adolescents in the third class were intermediate on measures of psychopathology, which is consistent with ?non-specific psychopathology.? The latent class analysis identified homogeneous subgroups with different levels of psychopathology among a heterogeneous sample of severely obese adolescents. The identification of clinically relevant subgroups in this study offers an important initial means for examining psychopathology among adolescent bariatric surgery candidates and suggests a number of avenues for future research. Clinical Trials Registry: Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) as a Treatment for Morbid Obesity in Adolescents, NCT01045499.International journal of pediatric obesity: IJPO: an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 02/2011; 6(3-4):289-97. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy (T&A) for adenotonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis through the use of Missouri Medicaid data. Study design Children ages 2-16 years who had a diagnosis of adenotonsillar hypertrophy (based on medical claim codes) in 2006 (n = 4276) were included in this population-based study. The main outcome was direct total costs paid by Medicaid. Costs 2 years before and after T&A were compared in children who underwent surgical intervention with those who did not as well as costs comparison pre- and post-T&A. Wilcoxon rank-sum or Wilcoxon Signed-rank test was used for costs comparisons. Results Children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy who underwent T&A were significantly less likely to be African American. They had more adenotonsillar infections before undergoing T&A and greater total costs (median costs $2313 vs $1945; P = .009). The median costs were $1228 pre-T&A, compared with $823 post-T&A (P < .0001). This reduction in costs of $405 (33%) compares with a median cost of the procedure of $1088. The reduction in costs was mostly because of less antibiotic use and outpatient visits. Conclusions African American children have fewer T&A procedures for adenotonsillar hypertrophy than white children, which represents an unexplained racial disparity. Children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy who underwent T&A compared with those who did not had more adenotonsillar infections and greater health care costs. T&A leads to a reduction in costs that, after 2 years, is 37% of the costs of the procedure. Future studies should examine the effects of demographics, obesity, and disease severity on health care costs in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy.The Journal of pediatrics 01/2014; · 4.02 Impact Factor