Bariatric surgery in adolescents: recent national trends in use and in-hospital outcome.
ABSTRACT To analyze recent nationwide trends in the use of adolescent bariatric surgery and to compare early postoperative outcomes of adolescents and adults undergoing these procedures.
Analysis of national administrative data by using survey analysis techniques.
Data obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1996 to 2003.
Adolescents (aged <20 years) and adults undergoing bariatric surgery. Intervention Bariatric surgery.
Population-based case rates, major postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and mortality.
The population-based annual adolescent bariatric case volume varied little between 1996 and 2000 but more than tripled from 2000 to 2003. Despite this trend, only 771 bariatric procedures were performed in adolescents in 2003, representing fewer than 0.7% of bariatric procedures performed nationwide. Univariate comparison with data from 2003 showed a similar in-hospital complication rate in adolescents and adults but a significantly shorter length of stay among adolescents. Although in-hospital mortality was observed in 0.2% of adults, no in-hospital deaths were observed in any adolescents.
Although procedure rates have increased recently, bariatric surgery in adolescents remains an uncommonly performed procedure. These data support efforts to align bariatric surgery programs for adolescents initially with higher volume programs for adults and to develop multicenter collaborative studies directed at defining the short- and long-term effect of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese adolescents.
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ABSTRACT: The consequences of obesity in adulthood are well known. Obesity has a direct influence on mortality and acts as a risk factor for various diseases and health problems. It is associated with nonfatal but debilitating illnesses, such as respiratory difficulties, musculoskeletal disorders, skin problems and infertility. The association with fatal chronic diseases includes cardiovascular diseases, conditions related to insulin resistance and noninsulin-dependent diabetes. There has been a marked increase in the number of obese children coming for treatment to dentists, thus it is the moral responsibility of the dentists to educate both the patient and the parents of the problems of obesity and its control. A dentist may actually be the first person to inform the patient about this problem thus, a basic knowledge about it is important. How to cite this article: Shivpuri A, Shivpuri A, Sharma S. Childhood Obesity: Review of a growing Problem. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(3):237-241.International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry. 09/2012; 5(3):237-41.
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ABSTRACT: Adolescent obesity is a significant global health challenge. Severely obese adolescents commonly experience one or more serious medical comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension as well as psychosocial comorbidities such as depression, disordered eating behaviour, anxiety and low self-esteem. The aims of this review are to examine the literature on biopsychosocial (e.g. weight loss, medical comorbidities, mental health, and complications) outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery and to identify areas where current data are deficient and a need for further research is indicated. A systematic review was conducted to examine the biopsychosocial outcomes of adolescent gastric banding. Eleven studies published before May 2013 examining outcomes of adolescent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery were identified. Available reported data indicate that LAGB surgery was effective in achieving significant weight loss. There is also evidence of the resolution of medical comorbidities; however, reporting of medical comorbidities assessment criteria is limited. Limited consideration was given to the psychosocial outcomes of LAGB surgery. The psychosocial outcomes of adolescent LAGB are not well researched. The current literature on adolescent LAGB is limited by a focus on weight loss and biomedical outcomes. There is currently little understanding of the behavioural, emotional or social factors that influence adolescents' experience of LAGB surgery. Further research is required to examine the specific psychosocial needs and experiences of adolescent LAGB patients, so appropriate treatment approaches may be developed to ensure optimal outcomes for adolescents from LAGB surgery.Obesity surgery. 05/2014;
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ABSTRACT: A surgical experience can be stressful for any patient. When the patient is an adolescent, however, the surgical experience can create significant stress, which is related to normal adolescent development. Perioperative nursing care should address what adolescent patients perceive as stressful and should provide a safe environment so that a successful surgical outcome can be achieved. To accomplish this, a nursing model specific to perioperative nursing practice should be developed to guide nurses when providing care to adolescents. The Adolescent Perioperative System Stability Model based on the Neuman Systems Model provides a framework for defining scope of practice and organizing nursing care that is appropriate for the adolescent during a surgical experience. In addition to guiding nursing practice, this model provides direction and guidance for future studies of adolescents in the perioperative setting.AORN journal 06/2014; 99(6):733-49.