Immunogenicity of influenza vaccination in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess humoral response to influenza vaccine in patients (pts) with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) as compared to healthy subjects (ctrl).
In two epidemic seasons, 2003/2004 and 2004/2005, 163 pts and 92 ctrl were vaccinated. Antibody titers to hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) were measured in serum samples collected before vaccination, and 1 and 6 months apart. Changes in antibody titers were assessed by comparing geometric mean titers (GMT), mean fold increases (MFI), and seroprotection and seroresponse rates to baseline values.
Pts vaccinated in 2003/2004 had, after 1 month, increase in GMT by a factor of 8.64-26.60 for antihemagglutinin antibodies (HI) and 6.93-12.66 for antineuraminidase antibodies (NI), as compared to factor of 9.12-24.41 for HI and 4.83-10.31 for NI in ctrl. At 1 month after vaccination, seroprotection and seroresponse rates were similar in both groups, ranging from 68.42 to 84.21% and 71.93 to 94.74% in NHL, and 66.67-82.22% and 62.22-86.67% in ctrl, respectively. Pts vaccinated in 2004/2005 had increase in the GMT by a factor of 38.76-41.49 for HI and 26.59-30.31 for NI, as compared to factor of 81.19-104.32 for HI and 52.16-54.52 for NI in ctrl. Seroprotection and seroresponse rates were lower in the former group, ranging from 62.11 to 65.26% and 74.47 to 77.66%, respectively. In both seasons, pts achieved titres of antibodies greater than the protective threshold, irrespective of the previous chemotherapy administration.
The results indicate that influenza vaccination induces sufficient immune response in pts with NHL, irrespective of previous chemotherapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Christophe Combescure[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify the determinants of antibody responses to adjuvanted influenza A/H1N1/09 vaccines in a cohort of cancer outpatients. Patients with cancer and controls were enrolled in a prospective single-center field study. Two doses of AS03-adjuvanted pandemic influenza vaccine were administered to patients and one dose was administered to controls. Antibody responses were measured using hemagglutination inhibition and confirmed by microneutralization. Geometric mean titers (GMTs) and seroprotection rates (defined as GMTs ≥40) were compared. Immunizations were safe and well tolerated in 197 cancer patients (lymphoma, 57; glioma, 26; lung or head and neck, 37; gastrointestinal, 41; breast, 36) and 138 controls. Similar seroprotection rates (82.3% versus 87%) and GMTs (336.9 versus 329.9) were achieved after two doses of adjuvanted vaccine in cancer patients and one dose in controls. Univariate analyses identified older age, prior immunization against seasonal influenza, lymphoma, CD4 count, active chemotherapy, and rituximab and steroid treatments as being associated with weaker antibody responses. However, only age and chemotherapy plus rituximab remained independent determinants of vaccine responses in multivariate analyses. Two doses of AS03-adjuvanted influenza vaccine elicited potent antibody responses in most cancer patients despite ongoing chemotherapy, with the exception of rituximab-induced B-cell depletion. Oncology patients treated in an outpatient setting benefit from preventive vaccination against influenza with adjuvanted vaccines.The Oncologist 02/2012; 17(3):436-45. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The immune response of patients who have cancer, who may be receiving immunosuppressive therapy, is generally considered to be decreased. This study aimed to evaluate the immune response of cancer patients to the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) vaccine. We conducted a prospective single site study comparing the immune response after H1N1 vaccination of healthy controls (group A), patients who had solid tumors and were taking myelosuppressive chemotherapy (group B), patients who had solid tumors and were taking nonmyelosuppressive or no treatment (group C), and patients who had hematologic malignancies (group D). At 2-6 weeks after vaccination, seroconversion was observed in 80.0% of group A (95% confidence interval [CI], 65.0%-89.7%), 72.2% of group B (95% CI, 55.9%-84.3%), 87.0% of group C (95% CI, 72.2%-94.7%), and 75.0% of group D (95% CI, 52.8%-89.2%) (p = NS). The geometric mean titer ratio, that is, geometric mean factor increase in antibody titer after vaccination, was 12.6 (95% CI, 7.9-19.9), 12.7 (95% CI, 7.3-22.1), 23.0 (95% CI, 13.9-38.2), and 12.1 (95% CI, 5.3-27.9) (p = NS), and the seroprotection rates were 95.5% (95% CI, 84.0%-99.6%), 79.0% (95% CI, 63.4%-89.2%), 90.5% (95% CI, 77.4%-96.8%), and 90.0% (95% CI, 71%-98.7%) in the corresponding groups (p = NS). Immune responses were robust regardless of malignancy, or time intervals between the use of myelosuppressive or immunosuppressive medications and vaccination. No participants developed clinical H1N1 infection. Cancer patients, whether taking myelosuppressive chemotherapy or not, are able to generate an immune response to the H1N1 vaccine similar to that of healthy controls.The Oncologist 01/2012; 17(1):125-34. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Rituximab treatment may induce a long-term B-cell depletion, which can be accompanied with an increased infection risk. Aims: To examine the changes of the white blood cell, CD19+ B-cell and CD4+ T-cell counts and the levels of immunoglobulin G, A, M after rituximab containing chemotherapy and to explore the infectious complications in our patients and review of the literature. Patients and methods: Thirty-five diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients were examined, who were treated with rituximab-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-doxoribicine-prednosolone (R-CHOP). The B- and T-cell populations were analyzed with flow-cytometry while the immunoglobulin levels were measured by nephelometry. Results: CD19+ B-lymphocytes were undetectable after the treatment and their count only increased from the post-therapeutic 12th month. Infection did not occur in this group of patients. Conclusions: Rituximab induced B-cell depletion was appreciable also in this group of patients, while serious or unexpected infection did not occur. Increased infectious risk primarily can be observed after long-term, maintenance rituximab treatment. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1658-1666.Orvosi Hetilap 10/2012; 153(42):1658-66.