Design and evaluation of 'Linkerless' hydroxamic acids as selective HDAC8 inhibitors.

Department of Chemistry, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (Impact Factor: 2.34). 05/2007; 17(10):2874-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.02.064
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this report, we describe new HDAC inhibitors designed to exploit a unique sub-pocket in the HDAC8 active site. These compounds were based on inspection of the available HDAC8 crystal structures bound to various inhibitors, which collectively show that the HDAC8 active site is unusually malleable and can accommodate inhibitor structures that are distinct from the canonical 'zinc binding group-linker-cap group' structures of SAHA, TSA, and similar HDAC inhibitors. Some inhibitors based on this new scaffold are >100-fold selective for HDAC8 over other class I and class II HDACs with IC(50) values <1microM against HDAC8. Furthermore, treatment of human cells with the inhibitors described here shows a unique pattern of hyperacetylated proteins compared with the broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitor TSA.

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