Stathmin is overexpressed in malignant mesothelioma.

Thoracic Oncology Laboratory, UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA.
Anticancer research (Impact Factor: 1.83). 01/2007; 27(1A):39-44.
Source: PubMed


Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a highly aggressive cancer, with low overall survival. The pathogenesis of mesothelioma is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify potential genes overexpressed in mesothelioma.
A cDNA microarray was used to identify potential genes that are activated in mesothelioma cell lines. Overexpression of stathmin, a cytosolic protein that regulates microtubule dynamics, was found. RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to confirm overexpression in both cell lines and tumor samples.
Using RT-PCR and Western blot, stathmin overexpression was confirmed in seven mesothelioma cell lines. Increased stathmin protein expression was also found in seven out of eight mesothelioma tumor samples. Finally, stathmin expression in a mesothelioma tumor was confirmed by immunohistochemistry.
For the first time, stathmin was shown to be overexpressed in malignant mesothelioma. The overexpression of stathmin in mesothelioma may offer a potential therapeutic target and further studies are warranted.

Download full-text


Available from: Jae Y Kim, Nov 18, 2014
17 Reads
  • Source
    • "Stathmin1 (STMN1), also known as oncoprotein 18, is an important cytosolic microtubule-destabilizing protein which plays critical role in the process of mitosis through regulation of microtubule dynamics, and a variety of other biological processes [10]. High level of STMN1 expression is associated with poor prognosis in various malignancies including breast cancer [11], [12], prostate cancer [13], malignant mesothelioma [14], cervical cancer [15], and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma [16]. In 2010, Jeon et al. first reported that STMN1 over-expression was positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and advanced staging and vascular invasion, and negatively with recurrence-free survival in diffuse type gastric carcinoma [17]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stathmin1 (STMN1) is a candidate oncoprotein and prognosis marker in several kinds of cancers. This study was aimed to analyze its expression and biological functions in gastric cancer. The expression of STMN1 was evaluated by qRT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry. The biological function of STMN1 was determined by MTT proliferation assays, monolayer colony formation and cell invasion assays using small interference RNA technique in gastric cancer cell lines. We also explored the regulation of STMN1 expression by microRNA-223. STMN1 was upregulated in gastric cancer cell lines and primary gastric adenocarcinomas. STMN1-positive tumors were more likely to be found in old age group and associated with p53 nuclear expression. In diffuse type gastric adenocarcinomas, STMN1 expression was correlated with age (p = 0.043), T stage (p = 0.004) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.046). Expression of STMN1 in diffuse type gastric adenocarcinoma was associated with poor disease specific survival by univariate analysis (p = 0.01). STMN1 knockdown in AGS and MKN7 cell lines suppressed proliferation (p<0.001), reduced monolayer colony formation (p<0.001), inhibited cell invasion and migration ability (p<0.001) and induced G1 phase arrest. siSTMN1 could also suppress cell growth in vivo (p<0. 01). We finally confirmed that STMN1 is a putative downstream target of miR-223 in gastric cancer. Our findings supported an oncogenic role of STMN1 in gastric cancer. STMN1 might serve as a prognostic marker and a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.
    PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e33919. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0033919 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: B. Davidson The diagnostic and molecular characteristics of malignant mesothelioma and ovarian/peritoneal serous carcinoma Malignant mesothelioma and ovarian/peritoneal serous carcinoma are two of the most common tumours affecting the serosal cavities. Unlike other malignant tumours diagnosed at this anatomical site, such as lung and breast carcinoma, malignant mesothelioma and serous carcinoma share a common histogenesis, may be difficult to differentiate morphologically, and co-express many of the diagnostic markers used by cytopathologists in effusion diagnosis. Selected markers have nevertheless shown sufficient sensitivity and specificity to differentiate serous carcinoma from malignant mesothelioma effectively. Recently, our group applied high throughput technology to the identification of new markers that may aid in differentiating these two cancer types and validated several of these markers in follow-up studies. This review will present current data regarding the diagnostic and biological aspects of malignant mesothelioma and ovarian/peritoneal serous carcinoma.
    Cytopathology 02/2011; 22(1):5-21. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2303.2010.00829.x · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Stathmin is a microtubule-destabilizing phosphoprotein, firstly identified as the downstream target of many signal transduction pathways. Several studies then indicated that stathmin is overexpressed in many types of human malignancies, thus deserving the name of Oncoprotein 18 (Op18). At molecular level, stathmin depolymerizes microtubules by either sequestering free tubulin dimers or directly inducing microtubule-catastrophe. A crucial role for stathmin in the control of mitosis has been proposed, since both its overexpression and its downregulation induce failure in the correct completion of cell division. Accordingly, stathmin is an important target of the main regulator of M phase, cyclin-dependent kinase 1. AREAS COVERED: Recent evidences support a role for stathmin in the regulation of cell growth and motility, both in vitro and in vivo, and indicate its involvement in advanced, invasive and metastatic cancer more than in primary tumors. EXPERT OPINION: Many studies suggest that high stathmin expression levels in cancer negatively influence the response to microtubule-targeting drugs. These notions together with the fact that stathmin is expressed at very low levels in most adult tissues strongly support the use of stathmin as marker of prognosis and as target for novel anti-tumoral and anti-metastatic therapies.
    Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets 11/2011; 15(11):1249-66. DOI:10.1517/14728222.2011.620951 · 5.14 Impact Factor
Show more

Similar Publications