Article

Identification of overexpressed genes in hepatocellular carcinoma, with special reference to ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2C gene expression.

Department of Surgery and Molecular Oncology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, 4546 Tsurumihara, Beppu 874-0838, Japan.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.01). 07/2007; 121(1):33-8. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.22605
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study consisted of 2 aims: (i) to determine genes associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by microarray analysis; and (ii) to evaluate the clinicopathological significance of human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2C (Ube2c) found to be overexpressed in HCC from microarray analysis. Laser microdissection and cDNA-microarray were performed to identify genes associated with HCC. We then focused on the Ube2c gene. Using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Ube2c expression status and clinicopathological significance were studied in 65 clinical HCC samples. A number of genes upregulated in HCC cells compared to noncancerous liver cells were identified, one of which was the Ube2c gene. Ube2c gene expression in the cancer tissue was higher than in the corresponding noncancerous tissue in 62 of the 65 cases (95.4%, p < 0.01). Tumors with high Ube2c expression showed higher frequencies of tumor invasion to capsular formation (fc-inf), invasion to portal vein (vp) and tumor de-differentiation (p < 0.05). Patients with high Ube2c expression also showed significantly worse disease-free survival rates than those with low Ube2c expression (p < 0.01). In addition, Ube2c expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival rate in multivariate analysis. We identified differentially expressed genes between HCC and normal liver tissues. Of those, the Ube2c gene appeared to be associated with HCC progression, and may be useful as a prognostic indicator for HCC patients.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
71 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclins are essential for cell proliferation, the cell cycle and tumorigenesis in all eukaryotes. UbcH10 regulates the degradation of cyclins in a ubiquitin-dependent manner. Here, we report that UbcH10 is likely involved in tumorigenesis. We found that cancer cells exposed to n-acetyl-leu-leu-norleucinal (ALLN) treatment and UbcH10 depletion exhibit a synergistic therapeutic effect. Abundant expression of UbcH10 drives resistance to ALLN-induced cell death, while cells deficient in UbcH10 were susceptible to ALLN-induced cell death. The depletion of UbcH10 hindered tumorigenesis both in vitro and in vivo, as assessed by colony formation, growth curve, soft agar and xenograft assays. These phenotypes were efficiently rescued through the introduction of recombinant UbcH10. In the UbcH10-deficient cells, alterations in the expression of cyclins led to cell cycle changes and subsequently decreases in tumorigenesis. The tumorigenesis of xenograft tumors from UbcH10-deficient cells treated with ALLN was decreased relative to wild-type cells treated with ALLN in nude mice. On the molecular level, we observed that UbcH10 deficiency enhances the activation of caspase 8 and caspase 3 but not caspase 9 to impair cell viability upon ALLN treatment. Collectively, our results suggest that, as an oncogene, UbcH10 is a potential drug target for the treatment of colorectal cancer.
    Scientific Reports 11/2014; 4:6910. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to investigate the influence of ubiquitin- conjugating enzyme E2C (UBE2C) on biological behavior of lung cancer cells. Using MTT, flow cytometry and invasion assays, we detected UBE2C expression and evaluated its biological properties in these cells, including effects on proliferation, the cell cycle profile and invasive capability. Compared with control cells, the UBE2C transfected cells demonstrated increased cellular proliferation (p<0.05). UBE2C transfected cells also had a lower percentage in G1 phase and a higher percentage in S phase (p<0.05). Importantly, the UBE2C transfected cells had a notable enhancement of cell numbers penetrating the basement membrane compared with the control group (p<0.05). Ectopic up- regulation UBE2C promoted the growth of lung cancer cells in vivo. Furthermore, we found UBE2C increased the expression of cyclin D1 and MMP-2. These results show UBE2C may represent a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 04/2014; 15(7):3005-9. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a primary malignant tumor of the liver and gankyrin is an oncoprotein over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma. It has been found that Gankyrin protein reduces the level of p53 protein by increasing its ubiquitylation and deg-radation, following a MDM-2 mediated pathway. In-teraction of gankyrin with MDM2 enhances the ubi-quitylation of p53. Independent study of this protein molecule revealed that it is identical to the p28 sub-unit of the 26S proteasome, having seven similar al-pha helical ankyrin repeats. Gankyrin also binds to the Tumor Suppressor Protein (TSP) Retinoblastoma (RB), thereby accelerating its phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation. Blocking the expression of Gankyrin with MDM2 in cases of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) promoted apoptosis in cancer cells. Hence, Gankyrin can be used as a potential target for drug therapy against Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
2 Downloads
Available from
Nov 21, 2014