Liver Resection for Metastases from Renal Cell Carcinoma

Departmant of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
World Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.35). 05/2007; 31(4):802-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00268-007-0685-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of liver resection in patients with hepatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma and to identify selection criteria for patients suitable for resection.
Between January 1988 and March 2006, 31 patients underwent liver resection for metastases from renal cell carcinoma. Patients were identified from a prospective database and retrospectively reviewed. Patient, tumor, and operative parameters were analyzed for their influence on long-term survival.
The overall 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 82.2%, 54.3%, and 38.9%, respectively. One patient was deceased and 4 developed complications during the postoperative course. In the univariate analysis, site of the primary tumor (P = 0.013), disease-free interval (P = 0.012), and resection margins (P = 0.008) showed significant influence on long-term survival. In the multivariate analysis, only the resection margins were identified as an independent prognostic factor after liver resection.
Liver resection is effective and safe in the treatment of patients with hepatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma and offers the chance of long-term survival and cure. Achieving a margin-negative resection is the most important criterion in the selection of suitable patients for liver resection. However, the number of patients in the present study was small, and investigations of larger series may provide further prognostic parameters in these patients.

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