Coenzyme Q10 deficiency and response to supplementation in pediatric and adolescent migraine
ABSTRACT Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been suggested to be effective in the prevention of migraine, and levels can be quantified with standardized reference ranges.
This study documents the prevalence of CoQ10 deficiency in migraine headache and examines the potential effectiveness of supplementation.
We assessed patients attending a tertiary care center with frequent headaches for CoQ10 deficiency. We recommended patients with low CoQ10 levels begin supplementation with CoQ10 as part of their multidisciplinary treatment plan. We assessed response to treatment including correction of CoQ10 deficiency, overall headache improvement, and headache disability.
CoQ10 was measured in 1550 patients (mean age 13.3 +/- 3.5, range 3 to 22 years). The mean total CoQ10 level was 0.60 +/- 0.20 microg/mL (range 0.21 to 1.77 microg/mL). Of these patients, 32.9% were below the reference range. Patients with low CoQ10 were recommended to start 1 to 3 mg/kg per day of CoQ10 in liquid gel capsule formulation. In a subset of patients who returned for timely follow-up (mean, 97 days), the total CoQ10 level improved to 1.20 +/- 0.59 microg/mL (P < .0001), while the headache frequency improved from 19.2 +/- 10.0 to 12.5 +/- 10.8 (P < .001) and headache disability assessed with PedMIDAS improved from 47.4 +/- 50.6 to 22.8 +/- 30.6 (P < .001).
Deficiency of CoQ10 may be common in pediatric and adolescent migraine. Determination of deficiency and consequent supplementation may result in clinical improvement. Further analysis involving more scientifically rigorous methodology will be required to confirm this observation.
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ABSTRACT: Chronic pain in children and young adults occurs frequently and contributes to early disability as well as personal and familial distress. A biopsychosocial approach to evaluation and treatment is recommended. Within this approach, there is a role for pharmacologic intervention. A variety of medications are used for chronic pain conditions in pediatric patients. Medication classes include anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, opioids, local anesthetics, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Data is sparse, and most medications are used without condition-specific approval by national regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration in the US and the European Medicines Agency. In the absence of evidence on which to base practice, optimal drug therapy decisions rest on understanding proposed mechanisms of pain conditions, extrapolation from adult data-when such exists, and empirical and experiential knowledge. Drug delivery systems have evolved, and practitioners have to decide amongst not only medication classes, but also routes of delivery. Opioids are not recommended for use by non-pain specialists for the treatment of pediatric chronic pain, and even then the issues are more complex than can be addressed here. This article reviews the major medications used for pediatric chronic pain conditions.Paediatric Drugs 10/2014; 16(6). DOI:10.1007/s40272-014-0092-2 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An extensive number of pathologies are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction (MDF) and oxidative stress (OS). Thus, mitochondrial cofactors termed "mitochondrial nutrients" (MN), such as α-lipoic acid (ALA), Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), and l-carnitine (CARN) (or its derivatives) have been tested in a number of clinical trials, and this review is focused on the use of MN-based clinical trials. The papers reporting on MN-based clinical trials were retrieved in MedLine up to July 2014, and evaluated for the following endpoints: (a) treated diseases; (b) dosages, number of enrolled patients and duration of treatment; (c) trial success for each MN or MN combinations as reported by authors. The reports satisfying the above endpoints included total numbers of trials and frequencies of randomized, controlled studies, i.e., 81 trials testing ALA, 107 reports testing CoQ10, and 74 reports testing CARN, while only 7 reports were retrieved testing double MN associations, while no report was found testing a triple MN combination. A total of 28 reports tested MN associations with "classical" antioxidants, such as antioxidant nutrients or drugs. Combinations of MN showed better outcomes than individual MN, suggesting forthcoming clinical studies. The criteria in study design and monitoring MN-based clinical trials are discussed.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 11/2014; 15(11):20169-20208. DOI:10.3390/ijms151120169 · 2.34 Impact Factor
Noropsikiyatri Arsivi 08/2013; 50(1):41-46. DOI:10.4274/npa.y6809 · 0.13 Impact Factor