Article

Amodiaquine Metabolism is Impaired by Common Polymorphisms in CYP2C8: Implications for Malaria Treatment in Africa

Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 7.39). 09/2007; 82(2):197-203. DOI: 10.1038/sj.clpt.6100122
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Metabolism of the antimalarial drug amodiaquine (AQ) into its primary metabolite, N-desethylamodiaquine, is mediated by CYP2C8. We studied the frequency of CYP2C8 variants in 275 malaria-infected patients in Burkina Faso, the metabolism of AQ by CYP2C8 variants, and the impact of other drugs on AQ metabolism. The allele frequencies of CYP2C8*2 and CYP2C8*3 were 0.155 and 0.003, respectively. No evidence was seen for influence of CYP2C8 genotype on AQ efficacy or toxicity, but sample size limited these assessments. The variant most common in Africans, CYP2C8(*)2, showed defective metabolism of AQ (threefold higher K(m) and sixfold lower intrinsic clearance), and CYP2C8(*)3 had markedly decreased activity. Considering drugs likely to be coadministered with AQ, the antiretroviral drugs efavirenz, saquinavir, lopinavir, and tipranavir were potent CYP2C8 inhibitors at clinically relevant concentrations. Variable CYP2C8 activity owing to genetic variation and drug interactions may have important clinical implications for the efficacy and toxicity of AQ.

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May 21, 2014