Effect of preservation solution on graft viability in single-lung transplantation from heart-beating donors in pigs.
ABSTRACT Low-potassium-dextran preservation solution Perfadex (PER) may provide better outcome of transplanted lungs than high-potassium Euro-Collins (EC) solution. However, there are no comparative studies of the recipient inflammatory response to the graft.
The purpose of this study was to compare EC versus PER as preservation solutions with respect to the functional performance and inflammatory response in single-lung transplantation from heart-beating donors in pigs.
The donor left lung flushed with the corresponding cold preservation solution was stored at 3 degrees C for 3 hours. We assessed hemodynamic values and pulmonary function in the recipient over a 2-hour reperfusion period calculated as percent of basal values, and expressed as mean of the reperfusion period. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) concentration in the donor was estimated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 2 hours after recipient reperfusion. Biopsies of the donor right lung and the transplanted lung were obtained to measure myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. IL-8 and MPO values were expressed as percent of the donor value. We evaluated the wet/dry pulmonary weight ratio (W/D), polymorphonuclear neutrophil count (PMN), and a score of histological damage in the transplanted graft.
Pulmonary function evaluated by % static: 66.6 +/- 6.8 (EC), 82.3 +/- 10.2 (PER), and dynamic: 74.0 +/- 7.3 (EC), 89.3 +/- 7.7 (PER) compliances, as well as % IL-8: 562.5 +/- 168.6 (EC), 232.3 +/- 148.7 (PER), % MPO: 485.9 +/- 194.9 (EC), 140.8 +/- 21.1 (PER), W/D: 9.9 +/- 3.1 (EC), 6.8 +/- 1.4 (PER), PMN 13.5 +/- 6.8 (EC), 5.5 +/- 3.3 (PER) and the histological damage score: 3.0 +/- 1.5 (EC), 0.7 +/- 0.4 (PER) showed significant differences between the EC and the PER (P < .01).
PER affords good lung preservation with early graft function and modest evidences of inflammation, lung injury, and edema compared with the EC perfused lung.
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ABSTRACT: We have previously demonstrated that adding pyruvate to Perfadex increased graft metabolism during 24-hour storage and improved reperfusion lung function. This increased metabolism was associated with progressively lower pH of the storage solution during the preservation interval. To determine whether more effective pH regulation would result in further improvements in lung survival after hypothermic storage. Rat lungs were stored for 24 hours in Perfadex, Perfadex with HEPES (N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-propanesulfonic acid) buffer, pyruvate-modified Perfadex, and pyruvate-modified Perfadex with HEPES. Change in pH in the storage solution was measured. Structural lung injury was evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin stained tissue sections. Cell death was quantified by measuring necrotic cells using trypan blue exclusion and apoptotic cells via the TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling) assay. Lungs stored in Perfadex demonstrated the greatest degree of cell death. Lungs in the Pyruvate group exhibited decreased cell death despite greater acidosis. The addition of HEPES reduced cell death and preservation solution acidosis in both Perfadex and pyruvate-modified Perfadex (P < .05). Almost all cell death resulted from necrosis. Adding pyruvate to the preservation solution increases acid formation during storage, but decreases cell death. HEPES ameliorates this acidosis and decreases allograft cell destruction. Increasing the preservation solution buffering capacity may be a simple strategy for improving lung preservation for transplantation.Transplantation Proceedings 09/2010; 42(7):2771-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The discrepancy between organ availability and the increasing amount of patients on the waiting list has prompted the development of medical strategies to increase the usable organs, including the search for alternative sources of donation, organ optimization and extension of the criteria for donation. The recovery of lungs from non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) is a concept in which death is declared based on cardiopulmonary criteria rather than the currently used definition of "brain death." Obtaining NHBD lungs is currently practiced in many centers. In this review we discuss the current state of lung transplantation from uncontrolled NHBD.Cirugia y cirujanos 01/2012; 80(1):86-91. · 0.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The term lung preservation usually refers to protection of the lungs from ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The most extreme situation in which IRI can be observed is in lung transplantation as the ischemic time can be more than 10 h. Adequate preservation of the lungs is critical to achieve a good outcome following lung transplantation.12/2009: pages 81-89;