A 68-y-old male had necrotizing fasciitis and bacteremia due to Pasteurella multocida. Saliva culture from his dog grew P. multocida and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The human and dog P. multocida strains were of the same antibiogram but not identical tested with ribotyping. The wound licked by his dog was the only risk factor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The zoonosis according to The Health World Organization, are defined as being "diseases or infections which are naturally transmitted between the vertebrate animal and man" but this definition is still submissive of some wide debates. The close cohabitation of people with their animals in large areas of the world, often in inadequate conditions, continues to favor the zoonotic infections. The dogs and cats population as pets increased in the whole world. The danger of this kind of zoonotic diseases is increasing, but national and local settlements have been promulgated to establish the places where animals can be accepted and to prevent the environment pollution.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While animal interaction is largely a rewarding human endeavor, every year millions of people are bitten by animals, and most of these bites are inflicted by dogs and cats. While most of the bites do not require medical attention, some progress to a local soft tissue infection at the site of the injury. Like most cutaneous wound infections, the resultant infection is typically a polymicrobial mix consisting of common environmental organisms. However, a multitude of species-specific, soft tissue zoonoses are spread through animal bites. The pathogenic organisms may exist as normal salivary flora or may be present as part of a symptomatic or even asymptomatic infection in the animal. We concisely review the soft tissue infections caused by several species-specific pathogens transmitted through animal bites, with focus on dogs and cats, as they are by far the most commonly implicated species in human bite wounds.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving Streptococcus agalactiae, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, and Finegoldia magna in a 36-yr-old female diabetic patient, which started after a minor dog bite to the toe of the patient. This case suggested that a trivial infection after a minor dog bite in an immunocompromised patient such as diabetes patient could result in a significant complication such as necrotizing fasciitis. The life-threatening infection was cured by timely above-the-knee amputation, as well as penicillin G and clindamycin therapy.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 07/2008; 28(3):191-5. DOI:10.3343/kjlm.2008.28.3.191 · 1.31 Impact Factor
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