Homology modelling and conformational analysis of IgE-binding epitopes of Ara h 3 and other legumin allergens with a cupin fold from tree nuts.
ABSTRACT Linear IgE-binding epitopes identified in legumin allergens of peanut (Ara h 3) and other allergenic tree nuts (Jug r 4 of walnut, Cor a 9 of hazelnut, Ana o 2 cashew nut) were mapped on three-dimensional models of the proteins built up by homology modelling. A conformational analysis revealed that consensual surface-exposed IgE-binding epitopes exhibited some structural homology susceptible to account for the IgE-binding cross-reactivity observed among peanut and tree nut allergens. This structurally related cross-reactivity seems irrespective of the botanical origin of the allergens and thus demands that persons allergic to peanut avoid other three nuts to prevent possible allergic reactions. IgE-binding epitopes similar to those found in 11S globulin allergens do not apparently occur in other vicilin allergens with the cupin fold from peanut (Ara h 1) or tree nuts (Jug r 2 of walnut, Cor a 1 of hazel nut, Ana o 3 of cashew nut).
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ABSTRACT: Both linear and conformational epitopes likely contribute to the allergenicity of tree nut allergens, yet, due largely to technical issues, few conformational epitopes have been characterized. Using the well studied recombinant cashew allergen, Ana o 2, an 11S globulin or legumin, we identified a murine monoclonal antibody which recognizes a conformational epitope and competes with patient IgE Ana o 2-reactive antibodies. This epitope is expressed on the large subunit of Ana o 2, but only when associated with an 11S globulin small subunit. Both Ana o 2 and the homologous soybean Gly m 6 small subunits can foster epitope expression, even when the natural N-terminal to C-terminal subunit order is reversed in chimeric molecules. The epitope, which is also expressed on native Ana o 2, is readily susceptible to destruction by physical and chemical denaturants.Molecular Immunology 03/2010; 47(9):1830-8. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2009.12.009 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The 11S globulins are members of the cupin protein superfamily and represent an important class of tree nut allergens for which a number of linear epitopes have been mapped. However, specific conformational epitopes for these allergens have yet to be described. We have recently reported a cashew Ana o 2 conformational epitope defined by murine mAb 2B5 and competitively inhibited by a subset of patient IgE antibodies. The 2B5 epitope appears to reside on the large (acidic) subunit, is dependent upon small (basic) subunit association for expression, and is highly susceptible to denaturation. Here we fine map the epitope using a combination of recombinant chimeric cashew Ana o 2-soybean Gly m 6 chimeras, deletion and point mutations, molecular modeling, and electron microscopy of 2B5-Ana o 2 immune complexes. Key residues appear confined to a 24 amino acid segment near the N-terminus of the large subunit peptide, a portion of which makes direct contact with the small subunit. These data provide an explanation for both the small subunit dependence and the structurally labile nature of the epitope.Molecular Immunology 03/2010; 47(9):1808-16. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2010.01.018 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Allergic reactions to walnuts and hazelnuts can be serious. The 11S globulins (legumins) have been identified as important allergens in these and other nuts and seeds. Here we identify the linear IgE-binding epitopes of walnut and hazelnut 11S globulins, and generate 3D 11S globulin models to map the locations of the epitopes for comparison to other allergenic homologues. Linear IgE-epitope mapping was performed by solid-phase overlapping 15-amino acid peptides probed with IgE from pooled allergic human sera. Several walnut (Jug r 4) and hazelnut (Cor a 9) 11S globulin peptides with reactivity to patient IgE were identified. Comparative alignment with cashew (Ana o 2), peanut (Ara h 3), and soybean G1 (Gly m 6.0101) and G2 (Gly m 6.0201) allergenic homologues revealed several shared allergenic 'hot spots'. Homology modeling was performed based on the atomic structure of the soybean glycinin. Surface map comparisons between the tree nut and peanut homologues revealed structural motifs that could be important for IgE elicitation and binding and show that, contrary to predictions, the reactive epitopes are widely distributed throughout the monomeric subunits, both internally and externally, including regions occluded by quaternary subunit association. These findings reveal structural features that may be important to allergenicity and cross-reactivity of this protein class.Molecular Immunology 08/2009; 46(15):2975-84. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2009.06.020 · 3.00 Impact Factor