Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Psychological Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.99). 04/2007; 19(1):107-18. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.19.1.107
Source: PubMed


In 3 studies, the authors developed and began to validate a measure of the propensity to act rashly in response to positive affective states (positive urgency). In Study 1, they developed a content-valid 14-item scale, showed that the measure was unidimensional, and showed that positive urgency was distinct from impulsivity-like constructs identified in 2 models of impulsive behavior. In Study 2, they showed that positive urgency explained variance in risky behavior not explained by measures of other impulsivity-like constructs, differentially explained positive mood-based risky behavior, differentiated individuals at risk for problem gambling from those not at risk, and interacted with drinking motives and expectancies as predicted to explain problem drinking behavior. In Study 3, they confirmed the hypothesis that positive urgency differentiated alcoholics from both eating-disordered and control individuals.

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Available from: Sarah Fischer, Oct 06, 2015
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    • "Concurrently to this theoretical debate, there have been many attempts to develop psychometrically robust instruments to assess impulsiveness. As a result, there are multiple self-report questionnaires available such as the Zuckerman-Kuhlman's ImpSS subscale (Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993), the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (Cyders et al., 2007), Temperament Inventory Character, TCI (Cloninger, 1994), or the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995). However, most of them have been validated with adults, and since they are worded to measure adult behaviors, specific versions for adolescents are needed (Fossati, Barratt, Acquarini, & Di Ceglie, 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: Impulsivity has been associated with several psychiatric disorders such as substance abuse. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) is one of the most commonly administered self-reports for the assessment of impulsiveness in both research and clinical settings. There is a version for adolescents called BIS-11-A, which has not been yet properly adapted to Spanish population. The goal of this study is to offer an alternative and more adequate Spanish version of the BIS-1-A, as well as to assess its psychometric properties including factor structure, reliability and predictive validity regarding substance use (last month alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use, presence of last month intoxication, binge drinking and problem drinking). The BIS-11-A and items from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) were applied to1,183 students (aged 12-14) at 16 Spanish secondary schools. The BIS-11-A showed a bidimensional factor structure, high reliability (Cronbach's alpha = .87) and good capacity for identifying substance use, binge drinking and problem drinking (sensitivity = 67.3-75%; speci-ficity = 83.4-85.4%). The BIS-11-A Spanish version is a reliable and valid instrument for be used among early adolescents.
    International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 07/2015; 15:274-282. DOI:10.1016/j.ijchp.2015.07.002 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    • ") is a 59-item questionnaire measuring five dimensions of impulsivity, including negative and positive urgency (tendency to engage in impulsive behaviors when experiencing negative and positive affect, respectively). The psychometric properties of the UPPS-P have been supported (Cyders et al., 2007; Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). In our study internal consistency was strong (negative urgency, a = .87; "
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    ABSTRACT: Suicidality and violence are serious public health problems. A rich literature supports the relationship between suicidality and violence, including common associations with trait anger. However, less is known about how trait anger may facilitate these behaviors. Two potential mechanisms in this relationship are emotion dysregulation and impulsivity, both of which are linked to increased anger, suicidality, and violence. We investigated anger as a common underlying factor for both suicidal and violent behavior , and emotion dysregulation and impulsivity (i.e., negative and positive urgency) as potential mediators in this relationship. Results demonstrate that trait anger was associated with both suicidal and violent behavior. Further, emotion dysregulation mediated the anger and suicidal behavior relationship whereas both negative and positive urgency mediated the anger and violent behavior relationship. Although trait anger may be a common underlying factor for both suicidal and violent behavior, the nature of these relationships seems to vary significantly.
    Personality and Individual Differences 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.01.044 · 1.86 Impact Factor
    • "Cyders y Smith (2008) mostraron que la UP está asociada a una amplia gama de conductas arriesgadas, como la ludopatía y el consumo de alcohol. La urgencia positiva está relacionada con el consumo problemático de alcohol especialmente en personas que beben para mejorar un and Addictions, Vol. 15, No.1, 55-66 estado de ánimo ya positivo (Cyders et al., 2007). De acuerdo con los autores, este rasgo de personalidad predice el aumento en la cantidad de alcohol que se consume por episodio pero no el aumento en la frecuencia (Cyders, Flory, Rainer y Smith, 2009), de modo que estaría asociado al PCA binge, ya que éste implica un consumo abusivo intensivo en poco tiempo, pero no de manera muy frecuente. "
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    DESCRIPTION: Background: adolescence is a period associated with the onset and progression of alcohol consumption. At this stage are also frequent impulsive behaviors and risky decision-making (DM). Aim: To evaluate pattern of alcohol consumption (PAC) in male and female adolescents, their different levels of impulsivity and how these variables affect decision-making. Methodology: Using a latent class analysis several PAC of 230 adolescents aged 14 to 17 years were determined. Design: A prospective ex post facto crossover design with Positive Urgency (Low / High), PCA (Moderate / Binge) and Sex (Female / Male) as factors was used. DM was assessed in 78 participants who joined the study groups. Results: binge male consumers, compared with moderate, performed better, but their performance declined at the end of the test. Within the group of participants with low positive urgency, those with a binge PAC, made more advantageous DM. Conclusions: PAC and impulsivity trait appear to influence DM in adolescents.
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