Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Psychological Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.99). 04/2007; 19(1):107-18. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.19.1.107
Source: PubMed


In 3 studies, the authors developed and began to validate a measure of the propensity to act rashly in response to positive affective states (positive urgency). In Study 1, they developed a content-valid 14-item scale, showed that the measure was unidimensional, and showed that positive urgency was distinct from impulsivity-like constructs identified in 2 models of impulsive behavior. In Study 2, they showed that positive urgency explained variance in risky behavior not explained by measures of other impulsivity-like constructs, differentially explained positive mood-based risky behavior, differentiated individuals at risk for problem gambling from those not at risk, and interacted with drinking motives and expectancies as predicted to explain problem drinking behavior. In Study 3, they confirmed the hypothesis that positive urgency differentiated alcoholics from both eating-disordered and control individuals.

Download full-text


Available from: Sarah Fischer,

Click to see the full-text of:

Article: Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118

0 B

See full-text
  • Source
    • "Similar two factor conceptualizations have been identified by others (Kraplin et al. 2014a; Grant and Chamberlain 2014; Dawe et al. 2004). However, another influential conceptualization of impulsivity resulted from a line of work by Whiteside and Lynam (2001) who described a four factor analytically-derived model that was subsequently extended to five factors (Cyders et al. 2007): negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of premeditation, and lack of perseverance. The sensation-seeking and lack of premeditation factors are similar to the approach choice and inhibitory response core processes respectively, and Gullo et al. (2014) argued that negative and positive urgency were also both aspects of the inhibitory process. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined the structure of impulsivity within gambling disorder. A group of 51 men and 53 women with gambling disorder completed self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity. Principal component analyses found two factors. The first was interpreted as measuring trait impulsivity. This factor correlated with problem gambling severity, presence of comorbid mental health and substance use disorders, history of brain injury, and was higher in Aboriginal participants. The second factor had high loadings on the self-reported sensation-seeking scales and the behavioural measures of response impulsivity. This factor correlated with overall gambling involvement but not with indicators of pathology. Higher scores were associated with younger age. These results are consistent with an evolving model of the etiology of disordered gambling that suggests that sensation-seeking is related to gambling involvement but that trait impulsivity and mental health struggles are associated with the development of gambling disorder.
    International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 07/2015; 13(6). DOI:10.1007/s11469-015-9572-z · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Concurrently to this theoretical debate, there have been many attempts to develop psychometrically robust instruments to assess impulsiveness. As a result, there are multiple self-report questionnaires available such as the Zuckerman-Kuhlman's ImpSS subscale (Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993), the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (Cyders et al., 2007), Temperament Inventory Character, TCI (Cloninger, 1994), or the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995). However, most of them have been validated with adults, and since they are worded to measure adult behaviors, specific versions for adolescents are needed (Fossati, Barratt, Acquarini, & Di Ceglie, 2002). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Impulsivity has been associated with several psychiatric disorders such as substance abuse. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) is one of the most commonly administered self-reports for the assessment of impulsiveness in both research and clinical settings. There is a version for adolescents called BIS-11-A, which has not been yet properly adapted to Spanish population. The goal of this study is to offer an alternative and more adequate Spanish version of the BIS-1-A, as well as to assess its psychometric properties including factor structure, reliability and predictive validity regarding substance use (last month alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use, presence of last month intoxication, binge drinking and problem drinking). The BIS-11-A and items from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) were applied to1,183 students (aged 12-14) at 16 Spanish secondary schools. The BIS-11-A showed a bidimensional factor structure, high reliability (Cronbach's alpha = .87) and good capacity for identifying substance use, binge drinking and problem drinking (sensitivity = 67.3-75%; speci-ficity = 83.4-85.4%). The BIS-11-A Spanish version is a reliable and valid instrument for be used among early adolescents.
    International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 07/2015; 15:274-282. DOI:10.1016/j.ijchp.2015.07.002 · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • ") is a 59-item questionnaire measuring five dimensions of impulsivity, including negative and positive urgency (tendency to engage in impulsive behaviors when experiencing negative and positive affect, respectively). The psychometric properties of the UPPS-P have been supported (Cyders et al., 2007; Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). In our study internal consistency was strong (negative urgency, a = .87; "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Suicidality and violence are serious public health problems. A rich literature supports the relationship between suicidality and violence, including common associations with trait anger. However, less is known about how trait anger may facilitate these behaviors. Two potential mechanisms in this relationship are emotion dysregulation and impulsivity, both of which are linked to increased anger, suicidality, and violence. We investigated anger as a common underlying factor for both suicidal and violent behavior , and emotion dysregulation and impulsivity (i.e., negative and positive urgency) as potential mediators in this relationship. Results demonstrate that trait anger was associated with both suicidal and violent behavior. Further, emotion dysregulation mediated the anger and suicidal behavior relationship whereas both negative and positive urgency mediated the anger and violent behavior relationship. Although trait anger may be a common underlying factor for both suicidal and violent behavior, the nature of these relationships seems to vary significantly.
    Personality and Individual Differences 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.01.044 · 1.95 Impact Factor
Show more