Poor survival in pancreatic adenocarcinoma is associated with African-American race and also with low socioeconomic status (SES). However, it is not known whether the observed poor survival of African-American pancreatic adenocarcinoma cases is due to SES itself and/or treatment disparities. We set out to determine this using the large, population-based California Cancer Registry (CCR) database as a model.
We conducted a case-only analysis of CCR data (1989-2003), including descriptive analysis of relevant clinical variables and SES. The SES variable used has been derived from principle component analysis of census block level CCR data linked to census data to address seven major indicators of SES. Overall survival univariate analyses were conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate survival analyses were done using Cox proportional hazards ratios (HR).
Incident cases of pancreatic cancer (24,735) were analyzed. Among adenocarcinomas, after adjustment for age, year of diagnosis, and gender, African-Americans [HR, 1.14; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.08-1.21] and Hispanics (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.01-1.11) had an increased risk of death compared with Caucasians. These differences persisted after adjustment for stage. However, after further adjustment for SES, surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, the risk of death for African-Americans (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.94-1.06) and Hispanics (HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.93-1.02) was not statistically different from Caucasians.
Differences in treatment and SES likely account for the observed poor survival of African-Americans and Hispanics among pancreatic adenocarcinoma cases. These data highlight the importance of improving access to care for ethnic minority pancreatic cancer patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leimyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue. It is rare and is characterized by the development of multiple peritoneal nodules mimicking peritoneal carcinomatosis. We report a case of LPD diagnosed in a 35-year-old patient, G4/P1, without any major gynecological history. The patient underwent an elective cesarean section at 42 weeks, during which numerous peritoneal nodules ranging in size from 0.1 to 0.5 cm were found. Microscopic examination showed a proliferation of smooth-muscle cells without mitosis or atypia or necrosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endometrial osseous metaplasia is a rare clinical entity. It causes infertility and occurs in more than 80% of cases after an abortion. Various theories have been proposed and the most accepted theory is metaplasia of the stromal cells into osteoblastic cells that produce bone. This disease may be misdiagnosed. However once diagnosed, the complete removal of bone spicules by hysteroscopy allows, in most cases, fertility to be restored. We present the case of a 36-year-old patient nulliparous with a history of abortion for eight years who consulted May 5, 2008 to become pregnant. Detailed examination showed chronic endometritis with bone metaplasia as a possible cause of her infertility. Seven months after complete removal of bone fragments by hysteroscopy, the patient had a spontaneous pregnancy with normal development. She gave birth to a male infant weighing 3,000 g with an Apgar score of 9 at 1 and 5 min. Delivery and postpartum were normal.
"Recorded data included demographic information, histology, burden of disease at presentation, first treatment history, socioeconomic status, and vital status. Socioeconomic status is denoted as a single index variable using statewide measures of education, income, and occupation from census data, as described previously.38, 39 Quintiles for the socioeconomic status score were used for analysis, with socioeconomic status 1 and 5 denoting the lowest and highest quintiles, respectively. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma has historically been characterized as having a more aggressive clinical course than ductal adenocarcinoma. The natural history of this disease, however, is essentially unknown.
We evaluated the clinical characteristics of all patients with pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma recorded in the California Cancer Registry 2000-2007 and compared them to those of patients with ductal adenocarcinoma.
Ninety-five patients with pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma and 14,746 patients with ductal adenocarcinoma were identified. Demographics were similar between subtypes (p > 0.05). Disease stage at presentation was also similar; over 50% of each diagnostic group presented with metastatic disease (p = 0.62). Surgical resection was more common among patients with locoregional adenosquamous carcinoma than adenocarcinoma (p = 0.0004), but rates of adjuvant therapy administration were similar (p > 0.05). The cohorts' median overall survival durations were similar in a Cox proportional hazards model (p = 0.45); overall survival was also similar when only patients with resected disease were considered (p = 0.65). Early stage, resection and receipt of radiation or chemotherapy were favorable independent prognostic factors among patients with adenosquamous carcinoma. The median overall survival duration of patients with resected adenosquamous carcinoma was 12 months (95% CI, 8-52).
Adenosquamous carcinoma has a natural history similar to that of ductal adenocarcinoma when treated with prevalent clinical patterns of care.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 11/2010; 15(1):165-74. DOI:10.1007/s11605-010-1378-5 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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