Myoepithelial cells in solid variant of intraductal papillary carcinoma of the breast: a potential diagnostic pitfall and a proposal of an immunohistochemical panel in the differential diagnosis with intraductal papilloma with usual ductal hyperplasia
ABSTRACT We examined myoepithelial status in intraductal papillary carcinoma (IPC) along with the expression of high-molecular weight cytokeratin (HMWK) and neuroendocrine markers, with special reference to the differential diagnosis of solid intraductal papillary carcinoma(SIPC) and intraductal papilloma with usual ductal hyperplasia (IP-UDH). Twenty-six (93%) of the twenty-eight intraductal papillomas (IP) had myoepithelial cells in >70% of the epithelial-stromal interface of the intraluminal proliferating component. Six (29%) of twenty-one SIPC had almost complete myoepithelial layer like IP-UDH at the epithelial-stromal interface. HMWK (34 beta E-12) was diffusely positive in 14 (93%) of 15 IP-UDH, but 16 (76%) of 21 SIPC were completely negative for HMWK. Neuroendocrine markers were positive in 14 (67%) of SIPC, but all 28 IPs were completely negative. If only the presence of myoepithelial cells is emphasized as a benign hallmark, about 30% of SIPCs may be underdiagnosed as IP-UDH. However, by using a combination of myoepithelial markers, HMWK, and neuroendocrine markers, all of the 36 solid intraductal papillary lesions were properly classified as benign and malignant. Solid intraductal papillary lesions meeting at least two of the following criteria are highly likely to be malignant: (1) absence of myoepithelial cells(<10% of epithelial-stromal interface of intraluminal proliferating component), (2) negative HMWK(<10%), (3) positive neuroendocrine markers (>10%).
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ABSTRACT: Context.-Immunohistochemistry plays a vital role in the evaluation of breast pathology specimens. Objective.-To discuss the role of myoepithelial cell markers in the evaluation of various breast lesions. Other markers, such as E-cadherin and those used to differentiate mammary carcinoma from metastatic tumors to the breast, and markers used in the differential diagnosis of Paget disease, are also discussed. Data Sources.-Data were obtained from review of the pertinent peer-reviewed literature. Conclusions.-Myoepithelial cell markers vary in their sensitivity and specificity, and one should be aware of the potential pitfalls in interpretation. Using panels of 2 or more myoepithelial cell markers is always recommended, either singly or in cocktail forms. Although negative E-cadherin staining supports the diagnosis of lobular origin, positive staining does not rule it out. Immunohistochemistry can be helpful in differentiating Paget disease from its mimics. Although metastatic tumors to the breast are rare, a triple-negative immunophenotype and absence of an in situ component should be a "red flag" for such possibility, especially in patients with clinical history of an extramammary malignancy.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 01/2014; 138(1):16-24. DOI:10.5858/arpa.2012-0440-RA · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To clarify the diagnostic clues of ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS) associated with papilloma and optimal clinical management of papilloma diagnosed on core needle biopsy (CNB). A total of 50 surgically resected cases were examined histopathologically and topographically. Thirty-nine cases (78%) spread in segmental fashion. Papilloma and DCIS were intermingled closely in 44 cases (88%), occupying the same areas in varying proportions from DCIS-predominant to papilloma-predominant. The two components occupied discrete areas and collided focally in six cases (12%). Most were non-high-grade. Cribriform and solid architectures with fibrovascular stroma were frequent. The cribriform pattern was unique, consisting of fused tubules separated by fibrovascular stroma. Intraductal myoepithelial cells were present to varying degrees in 40 cases (80%). In 38 cases (76%), points were identified where papilloma and DCIS coexisted or collided within a single lumen (CC point). Forty-eight cases (96%) had either intraductal myoepithelial cells or CC points, implying that DCIS and papilloma existed in the same duct system. Radiology showed segmental abnormalities in 83% of the available cases. Intraductal myoepithelial cells do not always guarantee benignity. Surgical resection is recommended for papilloma in CNB when radiology shows segmental abnormalities.Histopathology 05/2013; 63(3). DOI:10.1111/his.12186 · 3.30 Impact Factor
Article: [Papillary lesions of the breast.][Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Papillary lesions of the breast encompass a spectrum of both benign and malignant lesions despite sharing a similar basic architecture. A reliable distinction between the different entities is possible even in biopsies with precise knowledge of the diagnostic criteria and using immunohistochemistry as a diagnostic adjunct. These include papilloma, papillary ductal carcinoma in situ, encapsulated papillary carcinoma and solid papillary carcinoma. Architectural features, cellular composition and distribution of myoepithelial cells as highlighted by immunohistochemistry are the major diagnostic criteria. In this review the most useful morphological and immunohistochemical criteria for routine diagnostic practice are presented.Der Pathologe 01/2014; · 0.64 Impact Factor