Presynaptic Ca2+ entry is unchanged during hippocampal mossy fiber long-term potentiation.

Division of Cell Biology and Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0017, Japan.
The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 6.75). 01/2003; 22(24):10524-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The hippocampal mossy fiber (MF)-CA3 synapse exhibits NMDA receptor-independent long-term potentiation (LTP), which is expressed by presynaptic mechanisms leading to persistent enhancement of transmitter release. Recent studies have identified several molecules that may play an important role in MF-LTP. These include Rab3A, RIM1alpha, kainate autoreceptor, and hyperpolarization-activated cation channel (I(h)). However, the precise cellular expression mechanism remains to be determined because some studies noticed essential roles of release machinery molecules, whereas others suggested modulation of the ionotropic processes affecting Ca2+ entry into the presynaptic terminals. Using fluorescence recordings of presynaptic Ca2+ in hippocampal slices, here we demonstrated that MF-LTP is not accompanied by an increase in presynaptic Ca2+ influx during an action potential. Whole-cell recordings from CA3 neurons revealed long-lasting increases in mean frequency, but not mean amplitude, of miniature EPSCs after the high-frequency stimulation of MFs. These data indicate that the presynaptic expression mechanisms responsible for enhanced transmitter release during MF-LTP involve persistent modification of presynaptic molecular targets residing downstream of Ca2+ entry.

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