Article

Downregulation of human CD46 by adenovirus serotype 35 vectors

Laboratory of Gene Transfer and Regulation, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka, Japan.
Gene Therapy (Impact Factor: 4.2). 07/2007; 14(11):912-9. DOI: 10.1038/sj.gt.3302946
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human CD46 (membrane cofactor protein), which serves as a receptor for a variety of pathogens, including strains of measles virus, human herpesvirus type 6 and Neisseria, is rapidly downregulated from the cell surface following infection by these pathogens. Here, we report that replication-incompetent adenovirus (Ad) serotype 35 (Ad35) vectors, which belong to subgroup B and recognize human CD46 as a receptor, downregulate CD46 following infection. A decline in the surface expression of CD46 in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was detectable 6 h after infection, and reached maximum (72%) 12 h after infection. Ad35 vector-induced downregulation of surface CD46 levels gradually recovered after the removal of Ad35 vectors, however, complete recovery of CD46 expression was not observed even at 96 h after removal. The surface expression of CD46 was also reduced after incubation with fiber-substituted Ad serotype 5 (Ad5) vectors bearing Ad35 fiber proteins, ultraviolet-irradiated Ad35, vectors and recombinant Ad35 fiber knob proteins; in contrast, conventional Ad5 vectors did not induce surface CD46 downregulation, suggesting that the fiber knob protein of Ad35 plays a crucial role in the downregulation of surface CD46 density. These results have important implications for gene therapy using CD46-utilizing Ad vectors and for the pathogenesis of Ads that interact with CD46.

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