Article

Nutritional status of adventure racers.

Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. <>
Nutrition (Impact Factor: 3.05). 06/2007; 23(5):404-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2007.01.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We describe the usual food intake, body composition, and biochemical profile of adventure racers during their training season and evaluate their energy and nutrient intake in relation to current recommendations for ultraendurance athletes.
Twenty-four adventure race athletes (18 men and 6 women), 24 to 42 y of age, participated in the study. Food intake was determined with a 3-d food record and body composition by plethysmography. Blood samples were obtained from all subjects for biochemical analyses. All assessments were made during the usual training phase.
Female athletes had a higher body fat percentage than did male athletes (20.2 +/- 5.7% versus 12.5 +/- 3.5%). For men and women, food intake was high in protein (1.9 +/- 0.5 g/kg in men, 2.0 +/- 0.4 g/kg in women) and fat (1.6 +/- 0.3 g/kg in men, 1.5 +/- 1.3 g/kg in women). Carbohydrate intake of male athletes was at the lower limit of that recommended (5.9 +/- 1.8 g/kg). For most vitamins and minerals, athletes' intake was adequate, with the exception of magnesium, zinc, and potassium in men and women and vitamin E and calcium in women, which presented a high probability of being inadequate compared with reference values. High blood levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were found in female athletes (201.0 +/- 44.7 and 104.1 +/- 43.1 mg/dL, respectively) and all other biochemical analyses were within normal reference values.
The adventure racers presented an inadequate nutritional profile when compared with recommendations for endurance exercise. These athletes need to be educated about consuming an adequate diet to meet the nutritional needs of their activity.

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    • "Síntoma de este alzamiento social es que se creara en España hace casi una década la Sección de RA amparados por la Federación Española de Orientación, y que el número de licencias deportivas de personas que corren raids, trails y carreras de montaña en nuestro país no para de crecer cada año. Por ello, estas prácticas de aventura, antes innovadoras y cada vez más practicadas por nuestra sociedad (Clark et al., 1992; Greenland, 2004; Zalcman et al., 2007), son el centro de multitud de estudios enfocados desde diferentes ámbitos (Anglem, Lucas, Rose, & Cotter , 2008; Celestino y Pereira, 2012; Dos Santos et al., 2008; Fordham, Garbutt, & López, 2004; Kay, 2001; Kohler, 2003; Newsham-West et al., 2008; Townes et al., 2004; Zalcman et al., 2007), quedando aún alguno sin estudiar, entre ellos el que en esta investigación se acomete. Por todo lo referido anteriormente es de gran interés identificar el tipo de deportista que participa en estas competiciones y la posible relación que existe entre los conocimientos de un deporte y el éxito obtenido en una prueba. "
    Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte 07/2013; 8(23):129-136. DOI:10.12800/ccd.v8i23.299
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    • "Síntoma de este alzamiento social es que se creara en España hace casi una década la Sección de RA amparados por la Federación Española de Orientación, y que el número de licencias deportivas de personas que corren raids, trails y carreras de montaña en nuestro país no para de crecer cada año. Por ello, estas prácticas de aventura, antes innovadoras y cada vez más practicadas por nuestra sociedad (Clark et al., 1992; Greenland, 2004; Zalcman et al., 2007), son el centro de multitud de estudios enfocados desde diferentes ámbitos (Anglem, Lucas, Rose, & Cotter , 2008; Celestino y Pereira, 2012; Dos Santos et al., 2008; Fordham, Garbutt, & López, 2004; Kay, 2001; Kohler, 2003; Newsham-West et al., 2008; Townes et al., 2004; Zalcman et al., 2007), quedando aún alguno sin estudiar, entre ellos el que en esta investigación se acomete. Por todo lo referido anteriormente es de gran interés identificar el tipo de deportista que participa en estas competiciones y la posible relación que existe entre los conocimientos de un deporte y el éxito obtenido en una prueba. "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose was to understand the effect of technical knowledge of orienteering on adventure racing. The sample was composed of 272 elite competitors from the Spanish Adventure Racing League, using a previously validated self-administered questionnaire as the instrument. We can state that 50.4% of the adventure racers are enthusiastic amateur sportspersons. The registered competitors practise the sport of orienteering in 93.1% of cases, and it is demonstrated that the orienteering practice variable strongly affects the type of adventure racer. It should be pointed out that 100% of international champions take part in orienteering compared to 91.7% of national champions.
    Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte 01/2013; 8(23):129-136.
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