Prevalence of labral tears and cartilage loss in patients with mechanical symptoms of the hip: evaluation using MR arthrography.
ABSTRACT To determine the prevalence of labral tears and cartilage lesions in patients with mechanical symptoms of the hip using magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography.
A total of 100 patients with mechanical symptoms of the hip such as pain, clicking, locking and giving way underwent MR arthrography of the hip to rule out a labral tear. Hip joints were evaluated for labral alterations, bone marrow edema (BME), and other pathology using a novel semi-quantitative scoring system. Cartilage changes were graded separately for the acetabulum and femoral head in the anterior, posterior, central, medial, and lateral hip joint regions (10 locations) on a 6-point scale: 0=normal; 1=signal heterogeneity; 2=fissuring, 3=thinning <50% of the normal thickness; 4=thinning >50% of the normal thickness; 5=full thickness cartilage loss. Labral tears were categorized into normal, intrasubstance degeneration, simple tear or complex tear with two or more tear regions. Statistical methods were contingency tables, Fisher's exact test for discrete outcomes (based on grade scores), Spearman's rank correlation (r) and t tests for continuous outcomes, using pooled and stratified analyses.
On MR arthrography, labral tears were found in 66 patients (66% prevalence) with 13 having more than one location involved. Locations were 19 lateral (13 simple, six complex), 54 anterior (39 simple, 15 complex), eight posterior (six simple, two complex). Cartilage lesions were found in 76 patients (76% prevalence) with 53 demonstrating involvement of more than one compartment. The most common finding was cartilage thinning <50% in 99 regions in 44 patients. Cartilage thinning >50% was shown in 34 patients in 67 areas. When we correlated the grade of cartilage abnormality with the grade of labral tear, we found a statistically significant correlation (r=0.29; P< or =0.01). The size of cartilage abnormality was correlated with the grade of labral tear in the lateral acetabulum (r=0.38; P<0.001), anterior acetabulum (r=0.22; P< or =0.002), and lateral femoral head (r=0.29; P< or =0.004). The grade of cartilage loss was correlated with the grade of BME (r=0.44; P< or =0.001).
Labral tears and cartilage loss are common in patients with mechanical symptoms in the hip. Cartilage loss, labral tears and BME appear interrelated and may represent important risk factors that may affect the development and progression of osteoarthritis in the hip joint.
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ABSTRACT: A periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the preferred joint preserving treatment for young adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia and no osteoarthritis. In symptomatic dysplasia of the hip, there is labral pathology in up to 90% of cases. However, no consensus exists as to whether a labral tear should be treated before the periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), treated simultaneously with the PAO, or left alone and only treated if symptoms persist after the PAO. This review is an update of aspects of labral anatomy and function, the etiology of labral tears in hip dysplasia, and diagnostic assessment of labral tears, and we discuss treatment strategies for coexisting labral tears and hip dysplasia.Acta Orthopaedica 01/2013; · 2.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acetabular labrum tears (ALT) are present in 22-55% of individuals with hip or groin pain. Tears can occur as a result of trauma or degeneration and are markedly associated with femoral acetabular morphological variations. An ALT can lead to biomechanical deficiencies and a loss of stability to the coxafemoral joint due to the labrum serving as a stabilising structure of this joint. The diagnosis of ALT is complex and multidimensional. Although tremendous improvements in diagnostic utility for ALT have occurred in the past 25 years, there are few patient history, clinical examination and special test findings that are unique to the condition. Imaging methods such as MRI, CT and ultrasonography have demonstrated reasonable accuracy, but not at a level that allows use as a stand-alone measure. Outcomes measures that focus on functional limitation or that are used to measure recovery should envelop the complexities of the condition and be captured using both self-report and physical performance measures. Only when patient history, objective testing, clinical examination special testing and imaging are combined can a clinician fully elucidate the multidimensional diagnosis of ALT.British journal of sports medicine 07/2013; · 3.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to clarify the 3D articular contact areas of the in vivo normal hip joint and acetabular dysplasia during specific positions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), voxel-based registration, and proximity mapping. Forty-two normal and 24 dysplastic hips were examined. MRI was performed at four positions: neutral; 45° flexion; 15° extension; and the Patrick position. Femur and pelvis bone models were reconstructed at the neutral position and superimposed over the images of each different position using voxel-based registration. The inferred cartilage contact and bony impingement were investigated using proximity mapping. The femoral head translated in the anterior or posteroinferior, anterosuperior, and posteroinferior direction from neutral to 45° flexion, 15° extension, and the Patrick position, respectively. Multiple regression analyses showed age, femoral head sphericity, and acetabular sphericity to be associated with higher hip instability. The present technique using subject-specific models revealed the in vivo hip joint contact area in a population of healthy individuals and dysplastic patients without radioactive exposure. These results can be used for analyzing disease progression in the dysplastic hip and pathogenesis of acetabular labral tear. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res XX:XXX-XXX, 2013.Journal of Orthopaedic Research 06/2013; · 2.88 Impact Factor