Parenting practices among Dominican and Puerto Rican mothers.
ABSTRACT This study presents descriptive qualitative data about Latino parenting practices in an urban context. Focus groups were conducted with Dominican and Puerto Rican mother-adolescent pairs in the Bronx borough of NewYork City. When parenting style typologies are integrated with the Latino cultural components familismo, respeto, personalismo, and simpatía, Latino parenting practices and their underlying styles are better understood. Content analysis of parents' focus groups revealed five essential Latino parenting practices: (1) ensuring close monitoring of adolescents; (2) maintaining warm and supportive relationships characterized by high levels of parent-adolescent interaction and sharing; (3) explaining parental decisions and actions; (4) making an effort to build and improve relationships; and (5) differential parenting practices based on adolescents' gender. Mothers reported concerns related to the risks associated with living in an urban area, exposure to different cultural values, and opportunities for engaging in risky behaviors. Adolescents' recommendations for effective parenting strategies were similar to the practices reported by their mothers. The study has important applied implications for culturally competent social work practice with Latino adolescents and their families.
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The overarching research question of the study was: Is parental involvement in school and peer domains explained by parental acculturation, parent-adolescent acculturation gap, acculturative parenting stress and adolescent-parent attachment; and does parental school and peer involvement, in turn explain the frequency of substance use in clinically diagnosed (i.e. adolescents who met criteria for a Diagnostic Statistical Manual-IV [DSM-IV] clinical diagnosis of substance abuse/dependence) Hispanic adolescents? METHODS: The sample for this study consisted of 94 Hispanic adolescent-mother pairs. The adolescent sample was 65% male, and 35% female, with a mean age of 15 years. More than half of the adolescents were born in the United States (60%) and had resided in the U.S. for an average of 12 years; 80% of the caregivers (primarily mothers) were foreign-born and lived in the U.S. for an average of 21 years. Correlation and hierarchical regression were used to answer the research questions. RESULTS: The hypothesized model and corresponding anticipated effect of the relationship between parental school and peer involvement on adolescents' frequency of alcohol, marijuana and cocaine use was not supported by the data. Parental acculturation-related variables did not explain any of the variance in adolescent substance use frequency in this sample. However, some interesting relationships were found: The larger the acculturation gap, the lower the parental involvement in school tended to be (r = -.21, p IMPLICATIONS: The type of parental involvement and parenting practices needed once substance use has taken hold may be much more complex than those needed prior to the emergence of substance abuse. Focus on factors such as parental attitudes favorable to drug use, high family conflict, the role played by mothers' parenting style and the level of attachment between mothers and their male offspring in particular will be important. Hispanic mothers may need to be encouraged to change their parenting styles from permissive to more authoritative, and learn to establish stronger limits and appropriate consequences that may deter their adolescents who have successfully completed treatment keep from relapsing once they return to their familiar peer and school environment.Research that Promotes Sustainability and (re)Builds Strengths; 01/2009
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ABSTRACT: While the rapid adoption of mobile technology became global, the rate at which young people adopted it was even bigger. Most studies focussed on the experiences of the teenagers. In this study the aim of the study was to explore parents’ experiences of their teenagers’ text messages. A qualitative exploratory research design was adopted. The population was parents/guardians (males and females) of teenagers (boys and girls) attending high schools in Cape Town South Africa. Available and snowball sampling were used. All participants were recruited in the Southern Suburbs and Cape Flats of the Cape Metropolitan Area. In total 11 parents were interviewed using an interview guideline. The interviews were transcribed, independently coded and thematically analysed. The results show that mobile phones are no ordinary gifts. They are given with strings attached. Once in teenagers’ hands, the devices serve both communication and monitoring purposes. It comes with a set of given or negotiated rules and new expectations. The study also emphasises the importance of a trusting relationship with teenagers, respecting their privacy, and the disengagement process from their parents. The importance of positive relationships and open communication as well as negotiated rules in the management of the mobile phone is recommended.The Open Family Studies Journal 03/2015; 7(1):34-41. DOI:10.2174/1874922401507010034