Acupuncture as an adjunct for sedation during lithotripsy.
ABSTRACT To determine whether a combination of auricular and body acupuncture is effective as an adjunct for the preprocedural anxiety and pain management in patients undergoing lithotripsy procedures.
Randomized controlled study. SETTING AND LOCATION: Lithotripsy suite located at the Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven CT.
Adult patients who were scheduled to receive elective lithotripsy procedures.
Acupuncture group: Preprocedural auricular acupuncture intervention combined with intraprocedural electroacupuncture stimulation (n = 29); Sham control group: Preprocedural sham auricular acupuncture intervention combined with intraprocedural sham electroacupuncture stimulation (n = 27). OUTCOMES MEASUREMENT: Preprocedural anxiety, intraprocedural alfentanil consumption, visual analogue scale for pain.
Patients in the acupuncture group were less anxious preprocedure than those in the Sham Control Group 32 (29-34) versus 40 (35-45) (p = 0.029). Similarly, patients in the Acupuncture Group used a lesser amount of alfentanil than those in the sham control group (p = 0.040). The adjustable alfentanil consumption as expressed by median rate of alfentanil consumption of 1 (0.6-1.6) microg kg(-1) minute(-1) in the acupuncture group was lower than that of 1.5 (0.9-2.3) microg kg(-1) minute(-1) in the sham control group. Patients in the Acupuncture group also reported lower pain scores on admission to the recovery room (p = 0.014).
A combination of auricular and body acupuncture can be used as an adjunct treatment to decrease preprocedural anxiety and intraprocedural analgesia in patients undergoing lithotripsy.
- SourceAvailable from: journals.tums.ac.ir
Article: Acupuncture.The New Zealand medical journal 09/1976; 84(570):170.
Conference Paper: LOGOS - A real time hardware continuous speech recognition system[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper describes the main features of a real time hardware continuous speech recognition system. Using both parallel and pipelined processing techniques, matching up to several hundred words from a previously stored vocabulary of whole word "templates" is possible in real time. An efficient single pass dynamic programming algorithm is used to find the sequence of templates that best represents the input. Continuous recognition is achieved using a traceback technique on partial recognition results. The acoustic analysis contains a number of features to improve performance. In particular a novel noise compensation algorithm is briefly described.Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '82.; 06/1982