Article

Examining the correlates of engagement and disengagement coping among help-seeking battered women.

National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, MA 02130, USA.
Violence and Victims (Impact Factor: 1.28). 02/2007; 22(1):3-17. DOI: 10.1891/vv-v22i1a001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined several potential correlates of engagement and disengagement coping, including abuse-related factors, socioeconomic and social coping resources, and childhood trauma variables among a sample of battered women (N = 388). Relationship abuse frequency, particularly psychological aggression, and peritraumatic dissociation were the strongest positive predictors of the use of disengagement coping. Social coping resources, including tangible support and appraisals of social support and belonging, were associated with higher engagement coping and lower disengagement coping. A positive association was also found between interparental domestic violence and disengagement coping, and negative associations were found between both childhood physical and sexual abuse and engagement coping. Results suggest that coping strategies used by battered women are multidetermined and deserve further exploration.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
149 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Relations between mothers' experiences of childhood adversities and emotional and task-related support of their preschoolers were examined. Mothers, n = 48, were observed with their children and partners and assessed with the AAI, SCID, DES, and for marital aggression. Early adverse experiences were coded from interviews. AAI coherence mediated the link between adverse events and other variables, and was associated with secure base behaviors with children. Dissociative symptoms and marital aggression were not associated with maternal behavior, but dissociative symptoms were linked to partners' aggression. Results suggest narrative coherence is a key mechanism linking childhood adversity to later relationship variables.
    Research in Human Development 10/2010; 7(4):274-291. · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to examine the decision-making process of battered women from a Narrative framework and to identify the major internal and external constructs (emphasizing unique outcomes, dominant cultural narratives, and support for new narratives) which allow for these women to re-story their lives. Several themes emerged indicating that the decision-making processes is dependent upon the ability to capture positive moments in their lives without allowing the perceived influence of dominant cultural narratives to override these moments. The process is further clouded by perception of available social networks and resources that support change of her narrative.
    American Journal of Family Therapy 05/2010; 38(3):237-250. · 0.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the value of resources aimed to support women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) is clear, few studies have investigated how exposure to multiple types of victimization influences women's resource utilization. We applied latent class analysis (LCA) to a sample of 412 women who used IPV in their current relationships to test whether women's resource utilization is associated with different patterns of victimization, including current IPV victimization, past IPV victimization, and childhood victimization. Three classes of women were identified: the Low Cumulative IPV class (n = 121) included women with a low prevalence of past IPV victimization and low severity of current IPV victimization; The High Past/Low Current IPV class (n = 258) included women with a high prevalence of past IPV victimization but low severity of current IPV victimization; and the High Cumulative IPV class (n = 33) included women with a high prevalence of past IPV victimization and severe current IPV victimization. Multiple types of childhood victimization were highly prevalent among women in all three classes. Women in the High Cumulative IPV class used a greater variety of resources, experienced a greater number of posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms, drug problems, and used more severe IPV aggression compared to women in other classes. These findings highlight the heterogeneity of resource utilization among women in relationships characterized by bidirectional IPV and underscore the potential clinical utility of adapting services to meet the specific needs of women with unique profiles of victimization.
    Journal of Interpersonal Violence 05/2013; · 1.64 Impact Factor