Phase II study of Triapine in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a trial of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group (NCIC IND.161).
ABSTRACT Triapine is a novel small molecule ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor that showed activity in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. Evaluating new agents with novel mechanisms remains of interest for patients with incurable RCC. This was a single-arm, multicentre phase II trial where Triapine was given at a schedule of 96 mg/m2 2-h infusion daily x 4 repeated every 2 weeks in patients with recurrent RCC. A median of four cycles of Triapine was administered to 19 eligible patients. One response was seen (7%.) Median time to progression was 3.6 months. Common adverse events (AEs) were grade 1-2, with fatigue in 74%, nausea in 68% and vomiting in 58%. However grade 3/4 neutropenia was seen in 79% and acute reactions of hypoxia, hypotension, methemoglobinemia were seen. Dose reductions/delays due to AEs were common with only 47% of patients receiving > 90% of planned dose intensity. The study closed, at the end of stage 1 as it did not meet the minimal efficacy criteria to proceed. Further evaluation of Triapine at this dose and schedule in patients with advanced kidney cancer is not recommended.
Article: Phase I study of the ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone (3-AP) in combination with high dose cytarabine in patients with advanced myeloid leukemia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This Phase I dose escalation study was based on the hypothesis that the addition of 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone (3-AP) to cytarabine would enhance cytarabine cytotoxicity. The primary objective of the study was to establish the maximum tolerated dose of 3-AP when given in combination with a fixed dose of cytarabine. Twenty-five patients with relapsed or refractory myeloid leukemia were enrolled to three dose levels of 3-AP. Cytarabine was administered as a 2 h infusion at a fixed dose of 1,000 mg/m2/day for 5 consecutive days. Escalating doses of 3-AP as a 2 h infusion were administered on days 2 through 5. The 3-AP infusion preceded the start of the cytarabine infusion by 4 h. In general, the toxicities observed with the combination were similar to the expected toxicity profile for cytarabine when utilized as a single agent at this dose and schedule. However, two of three patients developed dose-limiting methemoglobinemia at the highest 3-AP dose studied (100 mg/m2). Transient reversible methemoglobinemia was documented in 11 of 15 patients enrolled at the 75 mg/ m2 dose level. Objective evidence of clinical activity was observed in four patients. The combination of 3-AP and cytarabine given on this schedule is feasible in advanced myeloid leukemia. The recommended Phase II dose is 75 mg/m2/day of 3-AP on days 2-5 given prior to cytarabine administered at a dose of 1,000 mg/m2/day over 5 consecutive days. Methemoglobinemia is a common toxicity of this combination and requires close monitoring.Investigational New Drugs 07/2008; 26(3):233-9. · 3.36 Impact Factor