Lymphangioma of the oral cavity.

Department of Pediatry, Filantropia University Hospital of Craiova, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.
Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie (Impact Factor: 0.62). 02/2006; 47(4):373-7.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lymphangiomas are uncommon congenital hamartomas of the lymphatic system, usually diagnosed in infancy and early childhood. Commonly located at head and neck, they are rarely situated in the oral cavity. Preferred site of oral involvement is the tongue. In the absence of proper therapy, lymphangiomas of the tongue are extremely recurrent, leading to serious complications such as hemorrhage or obstruction of the upper respiratory airways. The authors present the case of eleven years old boy with pseudo-vesicles, and smooth, glossy lesions on the tongue, and a red prominent pulsative sublingual mass located at the base of the tongue. Both the macroscopic structure and the histological aspect sustain the diagnosis of lymphangioma. CT established that is a profound lymphangioma with a narrow communication with the superficial planes. CONCLUSIONS: Though rarely met in the oral cavity, lymphangiomas are an eventuality to take into consideration by the clinician. Early recognition is of utmost importance to initiation of proper treatment, and avoiding serious complication.

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    ABSTRACT: Lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous tumor of lymphatic vessels. This lymphatic malformation is characterized by an abnormal proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Extra-oral lymphangiomas occur more frequently in the neck region predominantly in the posterior triangle, while intra-oral lymphangiomas are commonly seen in the tongue mainly on the dorsum surface. Various imaging modalities such as ultrasound and color Doppler are very useful in viewing the extent of the lesion. In most of the cases, surgical excision is the treatment of choice. The prognosis is good for most patients, but recurrence has also been reported in some cases, presumably because the lesion is interwoven between muscle fibers, preventing complete removal. This case report discusses the clinical features, color Doppler imaging, histopathology, and treatment of lymphangioma.
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphangiomas are benign tumours resulting from a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. They are relatively uncommon and usually diagnosed in infancy and early childhood. Commonly located at head and neck, they rarely occur in the oral cavity. Intraoral lymphangiomas occur more frequently on the dorsum of tongue, followed by palate, buccal mucosa, gingiva, and lips. Lymphangioma of the tongue is a common cause of macroglossia in children associated with difficulty in swallowing and mastication, speech disturbances, airway obstruction, mandibular prognathism, openbite and other possible deformities of maxillofacial structures. We present the case of a 13-year-old female with lymphangioma of tongue. The clinical, radiological, and treatment modalities of this case are discussed.
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