Article

Reverse transfection on cell arrays for high content screening microscopy.

MitoCheck Project Group, EMBL, Meyerhofstrasse 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
Nature Protocol (Impact Factor: 8.36). 02/2007; 2(2):392-9. DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2006.483
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Here, we describe a robust protocol for the reverse transfection of cells on small interfering (siRNA) arrays, which, in combination with multi-channel immunofluorescence or time-lapse microscopy, is suitable for genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) screens in intact human cells. The automatic production of 48 'transfection ready' siRNA arrays, each containing 384 samples, takes in total 7 h. Pre-fabricated siRNA arrays can be used without loss of transfection efficiency at least up to 15 months after printing. Different human cell lines that have been successfully transfected using the protocol are presented here. The present protocol has been applied to two genome-wide siRNA screens addressing mitosis and constitutive protein secretion.

0 Followers
 · 
135 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasma membrane proteins are essential molecules in the cell which mediate interactions with the exterior milieu, thus representing key drug targets for present pharma. Not surprisingly, protein traffic disorders include a large range of diseases sharing the common mechanism of failure in the respective protein to reach the plasma membrane. However, specific therapies for these diseases are remarkably lacking. Herein, we report a robust platform for drug discovery applied to a paradigmatic genetic disorder affecting intracellular trafficking - Cystic Fibrosis. This platform includes (i) two original respiratory epithelial cellular models incorporating an inducible double-tagged traffic reporter; (ii) a plasma membrane protein traffic assay for high-throughput microscopy screening; and (iii) open-source image analysis software to quantify plasma membrane protein traffic. By allowing direct scoring of compounds rescuing the basic traffic defect, this platform enables an effective drug development pipeline, which can be promptly adapted to any traffic disorder-associated protein and leverage therapy development efforts.
    Scientific Reports 03/2015; 5:9038. DOI:10.1038/srep09038 · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the knowledge accumulated during the last two decades about programmed cell death, further investigations of the complex regulatory network of apoptosis, including the extrinsic pathways, are still needed to gain an exhaustive and comprehensive understanding of this critical biological process. In addition, the identification of novel modulators of apoptosis may represent a good opportunity for making new paths into an otherwise heavily investigated area, therefore providing a molecular basis for new therapeutic strategies. In the last decade, RNA interference has become the technology of choice for discovering genes that encode molecules with previously unknown functions in biological pathways of interest. Various RNAi reagents and library formats have been developed and harnessed for high-throughput screening technologies to enable almost limitless investigation to uncover gene functions and networks in the context of basic biology and biomedical research including cancer biology. Although RNAi screening has been demonstrated to be a very powerful tool, various caveats and pitfalls have been progressively uncovered, including, but not limited to the enduring off-target effects. As the novelty of its bells and whistles have begun to diminish, functional genomic screens have morphed into a specialized field within the high-throughput screening community, where expert investigators progressively establish rigorous strategies to mitigate most of its possible flaws. Using various examples of RNAi screens conducted to further understand the extrinsic apoptosis pathway, this chapter describes the different RNAi tools and screening formats available and reviews the parameters one has to critically consider in order to be successful in implementing this technology.
    Methods in Enzymology 01/2014; 544C:129-160. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-417158-9.00006-6 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The High Throughput Biomedicine (HTB) unit at the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM was established in 2010 to serve as a national and international academic screening unit providing access to state of the art instrumentation for chemical and RNAi-based high throughput screening. The initial focus of the unit was multiwell plate based chemical screening and high content microarray-based siRNA screening. However, over the first four years of operation, the unit has moved to a more flexible service platform where both chemical and siRNA screening is done at different scales primarily in multiwell plate-based assays with a wide range of readout possibilities with a focus on ultra-miniaturization to allow for affordable screening for the academic users. In addition to high throughput screening, the equipment of the unit is also used to support miniaturized, multiplexed and high throughput applications for other types of research such as genomics, sequencing and biobanking operations. Importantly, with the translational research goals at FIMM, an increasing part of the operations at the HTB unit are being focused on high throughput systems biological platforms for functional profiling of patient cells in personalized and precision medicine projects.
    Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening 03/2014; DOI:10.2174/1386207317666140323195927 · 1.93 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
185 Downloads
Available from
Jun 3, 2014