Genotypes of vitamin D and estrogen receptors in pre and perimenopausal women from Cordoba, Argentina
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor genotypes and their relationship with the lumbar spine or femoral neck bone mineral density in healthy pre and perimenopausal women from Córdoba (Argentina) and adjacent areas. Genotypes were assessed by restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction technique. Bsm I and Fok I for vitamin D receptor gene and Xbal and Pvull for estrogen receptor gene were used as restrictases. Two hundred and ten healthy pre and perimenopausal women were recruited and analyzed by age. Calcemia and serum parathyroid hormone did not change, but serum P and beta-CrossLaps decreased with age. Femoral neck bone mineral density decreased significantly after 30 years old. Vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor genotype frequencies were similar to those from other Caucasian women. No association between vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor genotypes with the lumbar spine or femoral neck bone mineral density has been detected. Analysis of interaction between vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor genes using covariates such as age, height and body mass index did not show any influence of the combination of those genotypes on bone mineral density. Lifestyle, smoking and alcohol intake had no effect on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. To conclude, these data do not support the hypothesis that vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor genotypes influence on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density in healthy pre and perimenopausal women from this area of Argentina.
Conference Paper: E-learning content adaptation for deaf students.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Deaf students hardly ever finish higher studies. One of the biggest difficulties they have to face in studying for their degrees is reading comprehension. This paper presents a study about their needs when reading a text, and proposes several measures to alleviate this problem. The methodology proposed in this paper, when applied to adapt an e-learning Computing course, has achieved a promising improvement of the understanding level of this kind of student.Proceedings of the 12th Annual SIGCSE Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, ITiCSE 2007, Dundee, Scotland, UK, June 25-27, 2007; 01/2007
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine genotypes and clinical aspects associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women from Córdoba, Argentina. Polymorphisms were assessed by RFLP-PCR technique using BsmI and FokI for vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) and XbaI and PvuII for estrogen receptor-alpha gene (ERalpha) as restrictases. Sixty-eight healthy, 54 osteopenic, and 64 osteoporotic postmenopausal women were recruited. Femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD were inversely correlated with age in the entire analyzed population. Height was lower in osteopenic and osteoporotic women as compared to healthy women (P < 0.05). Weight and body mass index (BMI) were the lowest in osteoporotic women (P < 0.01 versus healthy group). Serum procollagen type I Nterminal propeptide (PINP) was higher in osteoporotic women as compared to the other groups. Distribution of VDR and ERalpha genotypes was similar in the three groups. Genotype bb (VDR) was associated with low values of lumbar BMD in the healthy group (P < 0.05 versus genotype Bb), and with low values of femoral BMD (P < 0.05 versus genotype BB) in osteoporotic women. BB*Pp interaction was associated with the highest femoral neck BMD (P < 0.05), whereas the bb*xx interaction was associated with the lowest femoral neck BMD in the total population analyzed (P < 0.05). In conclusion, parameters such as age, height, weight, BMI, serum PINP, VDR genotypes, and interactions between VDR and ERalpha genotypes could be useful to predict a decrease in BMD in Argentine postmenopausal women.Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 07/2008; 26(4):358-65. DOI:10.1007/s00774-007-0840-2 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aims of the study were as follows: (1) To identify the differences in spinal body mass density (BMD) in relation to polymorphism in vitamin D receptor (VDR) and estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) genes in untreated women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. (2) To assess the efficacy of treatment in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis in relation to polymorphism in VDR and ERalpha genes. (3) To find the estradiol concentration necessary to protect bone tissue in patients with a given polymorphism in VDR and ERalpha genes. The study included 44 postmenopausal women with primary osteoporosis who used cyclic hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) for a year. The polymorphism of ERalpha and VDR genes were evaluated. We also determined the age, body mass index and spinal BMD before and after 12 months of administration the HRT. We found a significant spinal BMD increase, what is connected with ERalpha genotype and both VDR and ERalpha genes. There is no such a correlation observed in polymorphism of VDR gene. (1) There is no relationship between VDR and ERalpha genes polymorphism and the stage of osteoporosis related to the spinal BMD value before treatment. (2) The XX, PP or Bb markers or only X, P, B alleles are connected with a significant decrease of treatment efficacy. (3) Estradiol serum concentration before and during HRT is not dependent on the polymorphism of VDR and ERalpha genes.Gynecological Endocrinology 05/2009; 25(5):315-23. DOI:10.1080/09513590802630138 · 1.14 Impact Factor