Blood loss and postoperative complications associated with transurethral resection of the prostate after pretreatment with dutasteride

Sørlandet Hospital, Arendal, Aust-Agder, Norway
BJU International (Impact Factor: 3.13). 04/2007; 99(3):587-94. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2006.06619.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether pretreatment with dutasteride, a dual 5alpha-reductase inhibitor (5ARI), reduces surgical blood loss or postoperative complications in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who undergo transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre study comprised 214 patients with BPH. Placebo was compared with dutasteride 0.5 mg/day 2 weeks before and after TURP, or 4 weeks before and 2 weeks after TURP. Surgical blood loss was measured using a haemoglobin photometer (HemoCue AB, Angelholm, Sweden) and postoperative adverse events were recorded. Microvessel density (MVD) was calculated by immunostaining and light microscopy of the prostatic chips.
Although dutasteride reduced serum dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 86-89% in 2-4 weeks, and intraprostatic DHT was approximately 10 times lower than in the placebo group, the (adjusted) mean haemoglobin (Hb) loss during surgery was 2.15-2.55 g Hb/g resectate with no significant difference in blood loss between the groups either during or after TURP. Clot retention occurred in 6-11% and urinary incontinence in 14-15% of patients during the 14 weeks after TURP, with no difference between the groups. The MVD at TURP was also similar for all groups.
There were no significant reductions in blood loss during or after TURP or complications afterward with dutasteride compared with placebo, despite significant suppression of intraprostatic DHT. Blood loss and transfusion rates in the placebo group were lower than those previously reported in studies where there was a beneficial effect of a 5ARI, relative to placebo, on bleeding during TURP.

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    ABSTRACT: Dutasteride affects the prostate by reducing intraprostatic dihydrotestosterone and prostate tissue vascularity. We evaluated the effect of pretreatment with dutasteride for two weeks on perioperative and postoperative bleeding during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Eighty-three patients who had benign prostatic hyperplasia together with the criteria for eligibility for TURP were included. The dutasteride group consisted of 40 patients who were treated with dutasteride (0.5 mg/d) for two weeks before surgery, and the control group consisted of 43 patients who did not receive dutasteride. Blood loss was evaluated in terms of reduction in serum hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) levels, which were measured before, immediately after, and 24 hours after surgery. We also measured the durations of indwelling urethral catheter use, continuous saline bladder irrigation, and hospitalization. Lower mean blood loss was observed in the dutasteride group than the control group immediately after and 24 hours after surgery (ΔHb=0.65±1.27 g/dL vs. 1.16±0.73 g/dL, 1.30±1.00 g/dL vs. 1.86±1.05 g/dL respectively, p=0.019, p=0.011; ΔHct=1.89%±3.83% vs. 3.47%±2.09%, 3.69%±2.95% vs. 5.39%±3.23% respectively, p=0.016, p=0.011). In addition, there were fewer days of indwelling urethral catheter use (2.95±1.02 d vs. 3.92±1.14 d, p=0.000), continuous saline bladder irrigation (1.81±1.08 d vs. 2.36±1.06 d, p=0.016), and hospitalization after TURP (3.95±1.09 d vs. 4.76±1.19 d, p=0.001) in the dutasteride group. Preoperative treatment with dutasteride for two weeks before TURP reduces surgical bleeding and length of hospitalization after TURP. This pretreatment can be used to decrease surgical bleeding associated with TURP.
    04/2015; 33(1):14-9. DOI:10.5534/wjmh.2015.33.1.14
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in patients with a large prostate (>90 g), as a significant recent modification of TURP is the incorporation of bipolar technology, which uses the same technique as monopolar TURP but with normal saline as the irrigant.Patients and methodsForty patients with a prostate of >90 g and who were considered at risk for monopolar TURP were treated by bipolar TURP. The operative duration, resection time, resected tissue weight, resection rate, resection ratio, amount of irrigation fluid used, the decrease in intraoperative haemoglobin level, haematocrit and serum sodium levels, and the blood loss were recorded. The follow-up data were analysed.ResultsThe mean (SD) operative duration was 116.3 (25.52) min, the resection time was 106.5 (25.69) min, the resected volume was 78.9 (20.58) g, the decrease in haemoglobin levels was 1.67 (0.46) g/dL, the mean serum sodium decline was 2.60 (0.68) mmol/L, and the blood loss was 532 (101.2) mL. The blood loss/g of resected tissue was 6.85 (0.70) mL. The mean (SD) postoperative bladder irrigation time was 2.0 (0.32) days, the catheterisation time was 3.25 (0.55) days and the postoperative hospital stay was 3.25 (0.55) days.Conclusion Bipolar technology makes it possible to use TURP to treat patients with very large prostates and who are at risk when treated by the standard monopolar technology, with a satisfactory safety profile and with favourable efficacy.
    11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.aju.2014.10.003
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    European Urology Supplements 11/2014; 13(7):e1551. DOI:10.1016/S1569-9056(14)61753-X · 3.37 Impact Factor