Sustained, Long-Term Renal Stabilization After 54 Months of Agalsidase beta Therapy in Patients with Fabry Disease
ABSTRACT Fabry disease, an inherited deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A, causes progressive intralysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) and premature death from renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular manifestations. To determine the long-term safety and efficacy of recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A, an open-label, phase III extension study was conducted, involving 58 patients who had classic Fabry disease and completed a 20-wk, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III study of agalsidase beta and were transitioned to an extension trial to receive biweekly 1 mg/kg agalsidase beta for up to an additional 54 mo. GL-3 accumulation was evaluated in the capillary endothelia of the skin, kidney, and heart. Renal function was assessed. By month 54, all patients with optional kidney biopsies (n = 8) maintained complete GL-3 clearance in renal capillary endothelial cells and multiple cell types. Continued, complete clearance of skin (31 of 36) and heart (six of eight) capillary endothelium was demonstrated. Mean plasma GL-3 levels remained decreased in the normal range. Median serum creatinine and estimated GFR remained stable (normal) in patients with renal data at month 54 (n = 41). Six patients had renal disease progression; most (four of six) were older than 40 yr and had significant proteinuria at baseline and evidence of sclerotic glomeruli pretreatment. Adverse events were generally mild and unrelated to treatment. The most common treatment-related adverse events were infusion-associated reactions, which decreased over time. Long-term agalsidase beta therapy stabilizes renal function in patients without renal involvement at baseline, maintains reduction of plasma GL-3, and sustains GL-3 clearance in capillary endothelial cells and multiple renal cell types.
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ABSTRACT: Current available evidence on long-term effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for Fabry disease is limited. More insight is needed whether ERT effectiveness differs in patients with and without baseline end-organ damage. Through a systematic review, untreated and ERT treated males and females with Fabry disease were compared for main clinical outcomes: renal function, left ventricular mass (LVmass), cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) and end-organ complications. Through a meta-analysis ERT effectiveness was estimated in different disease stages. Two reviewers assessed quality of the included studies according to guidelines for prognosis research. Data were synthesized using a random effects meta-analysis. Thirty-one studies were systematically reviewed while six studies were included in the meta-analysis. In patients with a GFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), decline of renal function was similar for treated and untreated patients. Only ERT treated males with a GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) had a slower rate of decline in renal function, possibly attributable to anti-proteinuric therapy. Regardless of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) at baseline, LVmass remained stable or increased in males despite ERT, however at a slower rate compared to untreated male patients. In ERT treated females with LVH LVmass decreased, and remained stable in females without LVH. WMLs can not be prevented by ERT. Stroke, cardiac and end-stage renal complications develop, though the incidence of new complications seems to be reduced during ERT. ERT is effective in reducing LVH, but has a limited effect on renal function. Improved treatment options are needed for Fabry disease.Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 02/2014; 37(3). DOI:10.1007/s10545-014-9677-8 · 4.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a multiorgan X-linked lysosomal storage disease that particularly affects the heart, kidneys, and cerebrovascular system. Current treatment is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme(®), Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA, USA) or agalsidase alfa (Replagal(®), Shire Human Genetic Therapies AB, Lund, Sweden). It was recommended that patients switch to agalsidase alfa due to a manufacturing shortage of agalsidase beta beginning in June 2009. This study assessed the effect of switching to agalsidase alfa on clinical outcomes in patients with AFD previously treated with agalsidase beta. Ten patients (seven male, three female) with genetically confirmed AFD and at least 48 months' continuous data collected during treatment with agalsidase beta 1 mg/kg every other week were switched to agalsidase alfa 0.2 mg/kg every other week for at least 20 months, with prospective clinical evaluations every 6 months. Pre-switch data was collected retrospectively from patient charts. Cardiac functional parameters were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Results showed that renal function was normal (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) in 8 of 10 patients prior to agalsidase alfa and generally remained stable after the switch. Cardiac mass decreased significantly (p < 0.05 vs pre-ERT) after agalsidase beta and remained unchanged after switching to agalsidase alfa. Symptoms of pain and health status scores did not deteriorate during agalsidase alfa therapy. Adverse events were mostly mild and infusion related. In conclusion, switching to agalsidase alfa was relatively well tolerated and associated with stable clinical status and preserved renal and cardiac function.01/2013; 9:41-8. DOI:10.1007/8904_2012_177
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ABSTRACT: The interruption of the manufacturing process of agalsidase beta has led to a worldwide shortage of this drug. In the EU, nearly all patients initially reduced their agalsidase beta dose, and many of these switched to agalsidase alfa (Replagal Shire HGT). The clinical consequences of this period of drug shortage need to be further evaluated. A gradual increase of agalsidase beta supply is now expected. This implies that patients could resume or even commence agalsidase beta treatment. Guidance for prioritization of patients is needed to support equitable distribution of agalsidase beta to EU member states. To achieve this, in absence of level I clinical evidence, a draft consensus proposal was initiated and distributed. No full consensus was achieved, as there is disagreement regarding the indications for switching patients from agalsidase alfa to agalsidase beta. Some physicians support the concept that the 1.0 mg/kg EOW dose of agalsidase beta is more effective than agalsidase alfa at 0.2 mg/kg EOW, while others believe that at recommended dose, the preparations are equivalent. In light of these difficulties and the uncertainties with respect to supply of agalsidase beta, recommendations were agreed upon by a subgroup of physicians. These current recommendations focus on prioritization of criteria indicative of disease progression.01/2013; 8:51-6. DOI:10.1007/8904_2012_160