The Neuroimaging Center of the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium-collaborative neuroimaging in pediatric brain tumor research: a work in progress.
ABSTRACT As an essential part of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-funded Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium (PBTC), the Neuroimaging Center (NIC) is dedicated to infusing the study of pediatric brain tumors with imaging "best practice" by producing a correlative research plan that 1) resonates with novel therapeutic interventions being developed by the wider PBTC, 2) ensures that every PBTC protocol incorporates an imaging "end point" among its objectives, 3) promotes the widespread implementation of standardized technical protocols for neuroimaging, and 4) facilitates a quality assurance program that complies with the highest standards for image data transfer, diagnostic image quality, and data integrity. To accomplish these specific objectives, the NIC works with the various PBTC sites (10 in all, plus NCI/ National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke representation) to ensure that the overarching mission of the consortium--to better understand tumor biology and develop new therapies for central nervous system tumors in children--is furthered by creating a uniform body of imaging techniques, technical protocols, and standards. Since the inception of the NIC in 2003, this broader mandate has been largely accomplished through a series of site visits and meetings aimed at assessing prevailing neuroimaging practices against NIC-recommended protocols, techniques, and strategies for achieving superior image quality and executing the secure transfer of data to the central PBTC. These ongoing evaluations periodically examine investigations into targeted drug therapies. In the future, the NIC will concentrate its efforts on improving image analysis for MR imaging and positron-emission tomography (PET) and on developing new ligands for PET; imaging markers for radiation therapy; and novel systemic, intrathecal, and intralesional therapeutic interventions.
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ABSTRACT: A phase I trial of intrathecal (IT) mafosfamide was performed to determine the optimal dose, dose-limiting toxicities, and incidence and severity of other toxicities when administered in association with concomitant multiagent systemic chemotherapy to children younger than 3 years with newly diagnosed embryonal tumors. Twenty-five assessable patients received IT mafosfamide at one of six dose levels ranging from 5 mg to 17 mg. Patients were premedicated with dexamethasone (0.15 mg/kg) and morphine (0.1 mg/kg) before receiving IT mafosfamide. Serial samples of CSF for pharmacokinetic studies were obtained in a subset of patients with Ommaya reservoirs. Irritability, presumably secondary to pain or headache during mafosfamide administration, was dose limiting in two of three patients at the 17-mg dose level. The maximum-tolerated dose of IT mafosfamide following premedication with dexamethasone and morphine was 14 mg. The maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of IT mafosfamide in patients younger than 3 years with newly diagnosed embryonal CNS tumors is 14 mg. A trial to assess the efficacy of regional therapy with IT mafosfamide administered with intensive systemic chemotherapy in children younger than 3 years with primary intracranial embryonal tumors is now in progress.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2005; 23(3):525-31. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A phase I trial of intrathecal Spartaject Busulfan (SuperGen, Inc., San Ramon, CA) was conducted in children with neoplastic meningitis following recurrent primary brain tumors to describe toxicities, estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and document evidence of responses to this agent. The continuous reassessment method was used to assign cohorts of patients to doses of intrathecal Spartaject Busulfan via an Ommaya reservoir and/or lumbar puncture twice weekly for 2 weeks followed by an assessment of toxicity and response. Patients with stable disease or an objective response continued to receive intrathecal Spartaject Busulfan plus systemic chemotherapy at regular intervals. Cerebrospinal fluid and blood were obtained for pharmacokinetic studies in patients with Ommaya reservoirs after the first dose of intrathecal Spartaject Busulfan. Seven evaluable patients were assigned to the starting dose of 5 mg, two patients to 7.5 mg, three patients to 10 mg, seven patients to 13 mg, and four patients to 17 mg. Between September 2000 and May 2003, 28 patients were enrolled in this study. Twenty-three patients (median age, 8.8 years; range, 2.5-19.5 years) were evaluable for estimating the MTD, and dose-limiting toxicities were observed in three and included grade 3 vomiting (n = 1 at 5 mg), grade 3 headache (n = 1 at 17 mg), and grade 3 arachnoiditis (n = 1 at 17 mg). Pharmacokinetic data showed that post-infusion concentrations of busulfan ranged from 50 to 150 microg/mL and declined to <1 microg/mL within 5 hours. Intrathecal Spartaject Busulfan was well tolerated in children with neoplastic meningitis from brain tumors, and the recommended dose for future phase II studies is 13 mg.Clinical Cancer Research 04/2006; 12(5):1540-6. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess inter- and intraobserver reproducibility for different techniques of measuring relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in patients with intracranial mass lesions. Three independent observers (neuroradiology fellows) who were blinded to the histopathologic diagnosis performed rCBV measurements in 50 patients with various intracranial mass lesions. Three different methods were compared. With method 1, placement of a single region of interest was guided by a color overlay map. With methods 2 and 3, the highest rCBV value and the mean of repeated rCBV measurements, respectively, were recorded. Calculations of the intraclass correlation coefficient, coefficient of variation (CV), and descriptive statistics were used to determine the levels of reproducibility. A multiple linear regression model was used to evaluate for possible explanatory factors for interobserver variance. Method 2 had, overall, the best reproducibility of all techniques, with an intraclass interobserver correlation coefficient of 0.71 (indicating good agreement), interobserver CV of 30%, and intraobserver CV in the range of 32%-41%. Measurement variations between observers correlated significantly (P <.001) with increasing rCBV values. In this study, interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility of rCBV measurements were clinically acceptable.Radiology 09/2002; 224(3):797-803. · 6.34 Impact Factor