State and trait emotions in delinquent adolescents.
ABSTRACT To examine the structure of emotions and affective dysregulation in juvenile delinquents.
Fifty-six juvenile delinquents from a local juvenile hall and 169 subjects from a local high school were recruited for this study. All participants completed psychometric testing for trait emotions followed by measurements of state emotions under two conditions (free association and stress condition). Finally, delinquent participants completed a detailed assessment of past trauma using the Childhood Trauma Interview (CTI).
Delinquents exhibit significantly higher levels of negative state and trait emotions when compared to a high school sample. In the delinquent sample chronicity of physical trauma affects the longstanding variable of trait emotionality and severity of trauma, specifically emotional abuse and witnessing violence, shapes negative emotional outcomes in state emotionality. In addition, delinquents appear to experience a wider range of emotions than the comparison sample and were more likely to experience a confluence of state emotions of sadness and anger under stressed conditions.
Adolescent delinquents appear to have a different experience of negative emotions than comparison adolescents. The experience of emotions appears to differ in state and trait conditions. These emotions may be related to childhood experiences of trauma.
- SourceAvailable from: Wim H J Meeus
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- "Regarding externalizing problems, results of studies that have included indices of positive emotions are mixed: no differences in the display of happiness between aggressive and non-aggressive youth (Orobio de Castro et al. 2005), lower state but not trait happiness in delinquent youth than a comparison group (Plattner et al. 2007), and higher happiness in response to antisocial acts in adolescent males with conduct disorder have all been reported (Cimbora and McIntosh 2003). We hypothesize that, in addition to high levels of negative emotions, low levels of positive emotions are related to increased levels of anxiety, depression, and aggressive behavior. "
ABSTRACT: This study examined the role of the level and variability of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadness in the development of adolescent-reported anxiety disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behavior in 452 adolescents (250 male) followed from age 13 to 14. Level and between-day variability of emotions were assessed through adolescent report at 3-month intervals across a 1 year period. Level and variability of the four emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder and depressive symptoms more consistently than to changes in aggressive behavior. All four emotions were predictive of changes in internalizing problems, while anger played the most prominent role in the development of aggressive behavior. Variability of emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder symptoms, while heightened levels of negative emotions and diminished happiness contributed to changes in depression. Results suggested somewhat stronger effects of negative affect on aggressive behavior for females than for males. Results underscore the role of emotion dysregulation in the development of psychopathology.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 07/2011; 39(5):657-69. DOI:10.1007/s10802-011-9509-3 · 3.09 Impact Factor
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- "The purpose of this study is to examine whether anger, identification with the " gang member " peer group, and the interaction of these two variables are associated with heavy alcohol use among a sample of juvenile offenders. Juvenile offenders, regardless of the crime committed, have higher levels of anger (Plattner et al., 2007; Ruchkin & Eisemann, 2000). Anger is associated with adolescent alcohol use in the general population (Swaim, Deffenbacher, & Wayman, 2004; Terrell, Miller, Foster, & Watkins, 2006; Weiner, Pentz, Turner, & Dwyer, 2001); however this link has not been clearly established among juvenile offenders. "
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- "Affective dysregulation is marked by an inability to regulate emotions appropriately and susceptibility to irritability and negative affect (Mezzich, Tarter, Giancola et al., 2001). This construct has been linked to a number of externalizing behaviors in youth, such as drug and alcohol abuse (Tarter, Kirisci, Habeych et al., 2004), delinquency (Plattner et al., 2007), risky sexual behaviors, and violence (Mezzich, Giancola, Tarter et al., 1997). According to Plattner et al. (2007), in stressful situations, affectively dysregulated individuals experience a confluence of negative emotions (i.e., fear, sadness and anger) in a way that causes them to react in an overly aggressive manner. "
ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to develop a multi-dimensional model that might explain suicide ideation among college students. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1,249 first-year college students. An estimated 6%(wt) of first-year students at this university had current suicide ideation. Depressive symptoms, low social support, affective dysregulation, and father-child conflict were each independently associated with suicide ideation. Only 40%(wt) of individuals with suicide ideation were classified as depressed according to standard criteria. In the group who reported low levels of depressive symptoms, low social support and affective dysregulation were important predictors of suicide ideation. Alcohol use disorder was also independently associated with suicide ideation, while parental conflict was not. Results highlight potential targets for early intervention among college students.Archives of suicide research: official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research 02/2009; 13(3):230-46. DOI:10.1080/13811110903044351