Structure of the human GINS complex and its assembly and functional interface in replication initiation.
ABSTRACT The eukaryotic GINS complex is essential for the establishment of DNA replication forks and replisome progression. We report the crystal structure of the human GINS complex. The heterotetrameric complex adopts a pseudo symmetrical layered structure comprising two heterodimers, creating four subunit-subunit interfaces. The subunit structures of the heterodimers consist of two alternating domains. The C-terminal domains of the Sld5 and Psf1 subunits are connected by linker regions to the core complex, and the C-terminal domain of Sld5 is important for core complex assembly. In contrast, the C-terminal domain of Psf1 does not contribute to the stability of the complex but is crucial for chromatin binding and replication activity. These data suggest that the core complex ensures a stable platform for the C-terminal domain of Psf1 to act as a key interaction interface for other proteins in the replication-initiation process.
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ABSTRACT: Fission yeast mutants defective in DNA replication have widely varying morphological phenotypes. We designed a screen for temperature-sensitive mutants defective in the process of replication regardless of morphology by isolating strains unable to rereplicate their DNA in the absence of cyclin B (Cdc13). Of the 42 rereplication-defective mutants analyzed, we were able to clone complementing plasmids for 10. This screen identified new alleles of the APC subunit cut9(+), the initiation/checkpoint factor rad4(+)/cut5(+), and the first mutant allele of psf2(+), a subunit of the novel GINS replication complex. Other genes identified are likely to play general roles in gene expression and protein localization.Genetics 02/2005; 169(1):77-89. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: DNA polymerases delta and epsilon (Poldelta and Polepsilon) are widely thought to be the major DNA polymerases that function in elongation during DNA replication in eukaryotic cells. However, the precise roles of these polymerases are still unclear. Here we comparatively analysed DNA replication in Xenopus egg extracts in which Poldelta or Polepsilon was immunodepleted. Depletion of either polymerase resulted in a significant decrease in DNA synthesis and accumulation of short nascent DNA products, indicating an elongation defect. Moreover, Poldelta depletion caused a more severe defect in elongation, as shown by sustained accumulation of both short nascent DNA products and single-stranded DNA gaps, and also by elevated chromatin binding of replication proteins that function more frequently during lagging strand synthesis. Therefore, our data strongly suggest the possibilities that Poldelta is essential for lagging strand synthesis and that this function of Poldelta cannot be substituted for by Polepsilon.Genes to Cells 04/2004; 9(3):179-91. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Map interpretation remains a critical step in solving the structure of a macromolecule. Errors introduced at this early stage may persist throughout crystallographic refinement and result in an incorrect structure. The normally quoted crystallographic residual is often a poor description for the quality of the model. Strategies and tools are described that help to alleviate this problem. These simplify the model-building process, quantify the goodness of fit of the model on a per-residue basis and locate possible errors in peptide and side-chain conformations.Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography 04/1991; 47 ( Pt 2):110-9. · 2.24 Impact Factor