Estradiol, tamoxifen and ICI 182,780 alter alpha3 and beta1 integrin expression and laminin-1 adhesion in oral squamous cell carcinoma cell cultures.
ABSTRACT Adhesion molecules such as integrins and extracellular matrix proteins like laminins have been identified to play an important role in cell proliferation, migration and invasion by regulating cell-extracellular matrix interaction in various cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In this study, the effect of estradiol (E2), and the E2 antagonists tamoxifen (TAM) and ICI 182,780 (ICI) on the expression of integrins and adhesion to laminin-1 in different OSCC in vitro models was analyzed. TAM and ICI inhibited growth in all OSCC cell lines. Dependent on estrogen receptor (ER) status E2 displayed a significant influence on growth after long-term administration. ICI reduced laminin-1 adhesion in all cell lines. beta1 Integrin transcription is reduced with TAM and E2 and alpha3 cell surface expression with TAM. This study shows that OSCC is estrogen and SERM sensitive and that these compounds can modulate cell-matrix interaction in part by modulating integrin expression and translation. The investigation also confirms that growth is significantly influenced by these adjuvant therapeutics. These data suggest that a greater understanding of basic biology and mechanisms of the ER and its ligands in oral squamous cells is needed to elucidate the use of specific pharmacological agents as therapeutics of anti-tumorigenic pathways.