PDGF Receptors as Targets in Tumor Treatment

Department of Pathology-Oncology, Cancer Center Karolinska, Karolinska Institutet, R8:03, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.
Advances in Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 4.26). 02/2007; 97:247-74. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-230X(06)97011-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Signaling through platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors contributes to multiple tumor-associated processes. The recent introduction of clinically useful PDGF inhibitors have the last years validated PDGF receptors in malignant and stromal cells as relevant cancer drug targets. Mutational activation of PDGF receptor signaling in malignant cells has been described in some rare tumor types such as dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, a subset of GISTs, and some hematologic malignancies. Furthermore, expression of PDGF receptors on pericytes is a common characteristic of solid tumors. The clinical efficacy of novel multikinase inhibitors, such as sunitinib and sorafenib, most likely involves targeting of PDGF receptor-dependent pericytes. Preclinical studies suggest that targeting of stromal PDGF receptors might also constitute a novel strategy to enhance tumor drug uptake. Finally, recent studies have implied both pro- and antimetastatic effects of PDGF receptors on malignant and stromal cells. The studies on the roles of PDGF receptors in cancer signaling are thus presently in a dynamic phase where collaborations between oncologists, pathologists, and tumor biologists are predicted to be highly productive.

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Available from: Carl-Henrik Heldin, Dec 04, 2014
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    • "Expression of PDGFRs is mainly restricted to mesenchymal cell types [2]. Activating mutations in PDGFRs are found in gastrointestinal stromal tumors [1]. In colorectal carcinomas, PDGFR expression appears to be mainly expressed by stromal cells and pericytes [4] [5]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In epithelial tumors, the platelet-derived growth factor receptor B (PDGFRB) is mainly expressed by stromal cells of mesenchymal origin. Tumor cells may also acquire PDGFRB expression following epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which occurs during metastasis formation. Little is known about PDGFRB signaling in colorectal tumor cells. We studied the relationship between PDGFRB expression, EMT, and metastasis in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cohorts by analysis of gene expression profiles. PDGFRB expression in primary CRC was correlated with short disease-free and overall survival. PDGFRB was co-expressed with genes involved in platelet activation, transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling, and EMT in three CRC cohorts. PDGFRB was expressed in mesenchymal-like tumor cell lines in vitro and stimulated invasion and liver metastasis formation in mice. Platelets, a major source of PDGF, preferentially bound to tumor cells in a non-activated state. Platelet activation caused robust PDGFRB tyrosine phosphorylation on tumor cells in vitro and in liver sinusoids in vivo. Platelets also release TGFB, which is a potent inducer of EMT. Inhibition of TGFB signaling in tumor cells caused partial reversion of the mesenchymal phenotype and strongly reduced PDGFRB expression and PDGF-stimulated tumor cell invasion. These results suggest that PDGFRB may contribute to the aggressive phenotype of colorectal tumors with mesenchymal properties, most likely downstream of platelet activation and TGFB signaling.
    Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 02/2013; 15(2):204-17. DOI:10.1593/neo.121726 · 5.40 Impact Factor
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    • "The PDGFR-b is commonly overexpressed in the stroma and pericytes of several solid organ tumour types (Reed et al, 1997; Ostman and Heldin, 2007). Preclinical data have shown that PDGFR inhibition reduces tumoural IFP and increases the intracellular concentrations of cytotoxics (Pietras et al, 2001, 2003b; Vlahovic et al, 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: Tumoural interstitial hypertension, possibly modulated by platelet-derived and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (PDGFR and VEGFR), may mediate resistance to chemotherapy. Forty-eight patients with advanced solid tumours received oral PDGFR inhibitor CP-868,596 (60-100 mg twice daily (BID)) and docetaxel (75-100 mg m⁻²), or CP-868,596 (60 mg BID), docetaxel (75 mg m⁻²), and VEGFR inhibitor axitinib (5 mg BID). The CP-868,596/docetaxel was escalated as above. The CP-868,596/docetaxel/axitinib was not dose escalated because of increased incidence of mucositis-like adverse events (AEs) with concurrent neutropenia relative to that expected for docetaxel. All tested regimens were tolerable, including 100 mg BID CP-868,596 (recommended phase II dose) plus 100 mg m⁻² docetaxel (maximum approved dose). Most treatment-emergent AEs were mild-moderate and reversible, commonly including nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, and anaemia (CP-868,596/docetaxel), and hypertension, lethargy, diarrhoea, and fatigue (CP-868,596/docetaxel/axitnib). Pharmacokinetics were unaffected by co-administration. Twenty-one patients achieved stable disease, including all seven evaluable on CP-868,596/docetaxel/axitinib. All nine CP-868,596/docetaxel/axitinib patients received therapy for a median of six (range, 3-16) cycles. The CP-868,596/docetaxel was well tolerated, but increased efficacy was not observed. Addition of axitinib delivered greater benefits than expected in the number of patients achieving prolonged stable disease with a moderate increase in AEs.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2010; 103(10):1554-61. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605941 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    02/2012; 7(1). DOI:10.1007/s11515-011-1181-z
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