The effect of collateral circulation on left ventricular systolic function.
ABSTRACT Conflicting reports exist on the influence of coronary collateral circulation on preservation of left ventricular systolic function. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of coronary collateral circulation on left ventricular systolic function in coronary artery disease.
Seventy-one consecutive patients having left anterior descending arteries with proximal or near-proximal stenosis of at least 95% (excluding 100%) were included in the study. The coronary collateral circulation to left anterior descending artery was evaluated with regard to its effects on left ventricular systolic function.
Among the 71 patients, 46 patients were found to have a coronary collateral circulation grade of >or=1 (group 1), whereas the remaining 25 patients had coronary collateral circulation grade of 0 (group 2). The mean value of left ventricular function score in group 1 was higher than that of group 2 (3.69+/-2.34 vs. 2.00+/-1.55, P=0.002), whereas the mean value of left ventricular ejection fraction in group 1 was lower than that of group 2 (44.67+/-12.05 vs. 54.32+/-10.22, P=0.001). The value of coronary collateral circulation grade was found to be positively correlated with the value of left ventricular function score (P=0.01, r=0.3), and negatively correlated with the value of left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.01, r=-0.3).
Coronary collateral circulation to the severely stenotic left anterior descending artery was not found to have an improving effect on left ventricular systolic function. In contrast with the previous studies demonstrating the coronary collateral circulation-associated preservation of left ventricular systolic function, presence of coronary collateral circulation was found to accompany or be associated with impairment of left ventricular systolic function. The grade of coronary collateral circulation was also found to be positively correlated with the severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Further research on larger patient populations based on a long-term follow-up is warranted to investigate this issue.
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ABSTRACT: Coronary collateral circulation provides an important response to ischemic heart disease and partially determines the severity of ischemic myocardial damage. Practical significance of coronary collateral circulation has long been a matter of uncertainty due to concerns about the means for gauging coronary collateral circulation and the modest populations to be representative for all patients with ischemic heart disease. It is possible that prognosis may be defined by the balance between the harm of atherosclerotic burden, and the benefit from coronary collateral circulation. Atherosclerosis acts as a potent trigger for the formation of coronary collateral circulation, but at the same time it has deleterious effects on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Coronary collateral circulation has a complex role in modifying the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in ischemic heart disease. A more comprehensive insight into the exact determinants of coronary collateral circulation would help establish its potential implications in clinical and epidemiological realm.International journal of cardiology 09/2008; 137(3):300-1. · 7.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Coronary collateral circulation determines the severity of ischemic myocardial damage. Increased P-wave dispersion is an independent predictor for atrial fibrillation. Consistent evidence is little about the relation between coronary collateral circulation and arrhythmia risk. In this article, the effect of coronary collateral circulation on P-wave dispersion was evaluated. Collateral grade and P-wave dispersion were ascertained in 100 patients with >or=85% diameter stenoses in left anterior descending or right coronary arteries. Left ventricular function score was also determined in all patients. Coronary collateral circulation was absent in 32 patients, whereas 68 patients had coronary collateral circulation. Patients with collateral grade >or=1 had greater left ventricular function score than did patients with collateral grade 0 (P = .048). However, there was no significant difference between P-wave dispersion of patients with and without coronary collateral circulation (P = .45). The presence of coronary collateral circulation failed to exert a beneficial decreasing effect on P-wave dispersion.Angiology 04/2008; 59(4):448-53. · 1.65 Impact Factor