Retrospective evaluation of the long-term outcome of non-surgical management of 74 dogs with clinical hip dysplasia

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Glasgow.
The Veterinary record (Impact Factor: 1.49). 05/2007; 160(15):506-11. DOI: 10.1136/vr.160.15.506
Source: PubMed


The long-term outcome for dogs treated non-surgically for clinical signs of canine hip dysplasia were evaluated retrospectively; 74 dogs were evaluated by a postal questionnaire sent to their owners, and 24 of these were also evaluated by a veterinary clinical examination. A total of 11 outcome variables were evaluated. Depending on the variable assessed, between 31 (41.9 per cent) and 49 (66.2 per cent) of the dogs remained clinically affected according to their owner's assessment, and between 17 (70.8 per cent) and 23 (95.8 per cent) of the 24 dogs had abnormalities attributed to hip osteoarthritis according to the veterinary assessment. Orthopaedic abnormalities other than hip dysplasia affected 17 of the 24 dogs. Long-term medications had been prescribed for the treatment of clinical signs associated with hip dysplasia in 41 of the 74 dogs.

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    • "Preventive therapeutic recommendations for predisposed patients can be confusing due to the disease's unpredictable clinical progression and the lack of published scientific data documenting the long-term efficacy of the available treatments (Puerto et al., 1999; Farrell et al., 2007). Therefore, active genetic control based on diagnostic tests of the condition and selective breeding is the best tool to achieve genetic changes decreasing the disease to acceptable levels (Farrell et al., 2007; Ginja et al., 2008b; Janutta et al., 2008). Humans can also be affected by developmental HD, but the therapeutic protocols are well defined and preventive management is always recommended and can even begin immediately after birth (Gerscovich, 1997; Wenger and Bomar, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: Despite expensive screening and breeding programmes, hip dysplasia (HD) continues to be one of the most common orthopaedic diseases in dogs. The vast majority of dogs afflicted with HD show minimal to no clinical signs, but it can also be a highly debilitating condition for both working and pet dogs. Hip joint laxity is considered a major risk factor for the development of degenerative joint disease and a definitive diagnosis is made if characteristic signs are evident on a ventrodorsal view of the pelvis. Early prediction of the condition can be made using stress radiographic techniques to evaluate the passive hip laxity. The diagnosis of HD may be used for the purpose of selecting breeding stock or to decide on the best treatment approach. Breeding programmes based on individual dog phenotypes have been ineffective and a selection procedure based on breeding value (BV) estimation is recommended. Traditional conservative and surgical treatment approaches are reserved for dogs with overt clinical signs of the disease but such treatments can be expensive and aggressive, and are often ineffective in eliminating clinical signs or subluxation and in preventing the development of degenerative joint disease. The implementation of breeding programmes based on BVs and further research into early prediction/diagnosis of HD and effective preventive treatment approaches are essential.
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    ABSTRACT: Many problems in the hip area show movement dysfunctions of the hip joint in combination with the lumbar spine, sacroiliac joint, neurodynamic structures, and the muscular systems. Muscle strain injuries pertinent to the canine hip have been reported in the iliopsoas, pectineus, gracilis, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae, rectus femoris, and semitendinosus muscles. Physical diagnoses of this type of injury require palpation skills and the ability to specifically stretch the suspected musculotendinous tissue. Treatments shall incorporate modalities, stretches, specific exercises, and advisement on return to normal activity. Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a common finding in many large breed dogs. Physical treatments, preventative therapies, and rehabilitation could have a large role to play in the management of nonsurgical CHD patients with the goal to create the best possible musculoskeletal environment for pain-free hip function and to delay or prevent the onset of degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritic hip joints can benefit from early detection and subsequent treatment. Physical therapists have long utilized manual testing techniques and clinical reasoning to diagnose early-onset joint osteoarthritis and therapeutic treatments consisting of correcting muscle dysfunctions, relieving pain, joint mobilizations, and advisement on lifestyle modifications could be equally beneficial to the canine patient. As well, sacroiliac joint dysfunctions may also afflict the dog. An understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the canine sacroiliac joint and application of clinical assessment and treatment techniques from the human field may be substantially beneficial for dogs suffering from lumbopelvic or hindlimb issues.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):183-94. DOI:10.1053/j.ctsap.2007.09.007 · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of hip dysplasia which was not well documented in buffaloes, has been described in this paper. The acetabulum was severely malformed with comparatively small head of femur and larger greater trochanters. Examination of the calf at 1 year of age revealed reduced angulation between the hip and hock joints. The animal could walk with stumbling gait. The phrase "hip dysplasia" denotes a badly formed hip joint due to embryological abnormalities characterized by lack of agreement between head of the femur and acetabulum, leading to instability of the joint. It is reported to be more common in canines than in other species. Corley (1987) documented the incidence of hip dysplasia in dogs to range from 0.9% in the Borzoli to 47.4% in the St. Bernard breeds. It appears that there are very few reports in cattle and buffaloes. Hence, in this paper, an unusual case of hip dysplasia in a graded Murrah calf has been presented.
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