Article

Retrospective evaluation of the long-term outcome of non-surgical management of 74 dogs with clinical hip dysplasia.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Glasgow.
The Veterinary record (Impact Factor: 1.63). 05/2007; 160(15):506-11. DOI: 10.1136/vr.160.15.506
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The long-term outcome for dogs treated non-surgically for clinical signs of canine hip dysplasia were evaluated retrospectively; 74 dogs were evaluated by a postal questionnaire sent to their owners, and 24 of these were also evaluated by a veterinary clinical examination. A total of 11 outcome variables were evaluated. Depending on the variable assessed, between 31 (41.9 per cent) and 49 (66.2 per cent) of the dogs remained clinically affected according to their owner's assessment, and between 17 (70.8 per cent) and 23 (95.8 per cent) of the 24 dogs had abnormalities attributed to hip osteoarthritis according to the veterinary assessment. Orthopaedic abnormalities other than hip dysplasia affected 17 of the 24 dogs. Long-term medications had been prescribed for the treatment of clinical signs associated with hip dysplasia in 41 of the 74 dogs.

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    • "Preventive therapeutic recommendations for predisposed patients can be confusing due to the disease's unpredictable clinical progression and the lack of published scientific data documenting the long-term efficacy of the available treatments (Puerto et al., 1999; Farrell et al., 2007). Therefore, active genetic control based on diagnostic tests of the condition and selective breeding is the best tool to achieve genetic changes decreasing the disease to acceptable levels (Farrell et al., 2007; Ginja et al., 2008b; Janutta et al., 2008). Humans can also be affected by developmental HD, but the therapeutic protocols are well defined and preventive management is always recommended and can even begin immediately after birth (Gerscovich, 1997; Wenger and Bomar, 2003). "
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