In vitro and in vivo effects of the atrial selective antiarrhythmic compound AVE1231.
ABSTRACT The novel compound AVE1231 was investigated in order to elucidate its potential against atrial fibrillation. In CHO cells, the current generated by hKv1.5 or hKv4.3 + KChIP2.2b channels was blocked with IC50 values of 3.6 microM and 5.9 microM, respectively. In pig left atrial myocytes, a voltage-dependent outward current was blocked with an IC50 of 1.1 microM, mainly by accelerating the time constant of decay. Carbachol-activated IKACh was blocked by AVE1231 with an IC50 of 8.4 microM. Other ionic currents, like the IKr, IKs, IKATP, ICa, and INa were only mildly affected by 10 microM AVE1231. In guinea pig papillary muscle the APD90 and the upstroke velocity were not significantly altered by 30 microM AVE1231. In anesthetized pigs, oral doses of 0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg AVE1231 caused a dose-dependent increase in left atrial refractoriness (LAERP), associated by inhibition of left atrial vulnerability to arrhythmia. There were no effects on the ECG intervals, ventricular monophasic action potentials, or ventricular refractory periods at 3 mg/kg AVE1231 applied intravenously. In conscious goats, both AVE1231 (3 mg/kg/h iv) and dofetilide (10 microg/kg/h iv) significantly prolonged LAERP. After 72 hours of tachypacing, when LAERP was shortened significantly (electrical remodelling), the prolongation of LAERP induced by AVE1231 was even more pronounced than in sinus rhythm. In contrast, the effect of dofetilide was strongly decreased. The present data demonstrate that AVE1231 blocks early atrial K channels and prolongs atrial refractoriness with no effects on ECG intervals and ventricular repolarisation, suggesting that it is suited for the prevention of atrial fibrillation in patients.
Article: New drugs targeting the cardiac ultra-rapid delayed-rectifier current (I Kur): rationale, pharmacology and evidence for potential therapeutic value.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There is a clear unmet medical need for new pharmacologic therapies for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) with improved efficacy and safety. This article reviews the development of new and novel Kv1.5/ultra-rapid delayed-rectifier current (I Kur) inhibitors and presents evidence that Kv1.5 modulation provides an atrial-selective mechanism for treating AF. Academia and industry have invested heavily in Kv1.5 (>500 scientific publications and >50 patents published since 1993); however, to realize the full value of this therapeutic drug target, clinical efficacy and safety data are required for a selective Kv1.5 modulator. The reward for demonstrating clinical efficacy and safety in a pivotal Phase 3 trial, on regulatory approval, is "first in class" status.Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology 08/2008; 52(2):105-20. · 2.83 Impact Factor