Article

Prioteomic analysis of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 9.28). 05/2007; 67(8):3777-84. DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-3089
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To better understand the molecular changes that occur in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM), we employed antibody-based protein microarrays to compare patterns of protein expression between untreated WM and normal bone marrow controls. Protein expression was defined as a >2-fold or 1.3-fold change in at least 67% of the tumor samples. Proteins up-regulated by >2-fold included Ras family proteins, such as Rab-4 and p62DOK, and Rho family proteins, such as CDC42GAP and ROKalpha. Other proteins up-regulated by >1.3-fold included cyclin-dependent kinases, apoptosis regulators, and histone deacetylases (HDAC). We then compared the samples of patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic WM and showed similar protein expression signatures, indicating that the dysregulation of signaling pathways occurs early in the disease course. Three proteins were different by >2-fold in symptomatic versus asymptomatic, including the heat shock protein HSP90. Elevated protein expression was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. Functional significance was validated by the induction of apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation using specific HDAC and HSP90 inhibitors. This study, therefore, identifies, for the first time, multiple novel proteins that are dysregulated in WM, which both enhance our understanding of disease pathogenesis and represent targets of novel therapeutics.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
138 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a rare and currently incurable neoplasm of IgM-expressing B-lymphocytes that is characterized by the occurrence of a monoclonal IgM (mIgM) paraprotein in blood serum and the infiltration of the hematopoietic bone marrow with malignant lymphoplasmacytic cells. The symptoms of patients with WM can be attributed to the extent and tissue sites of tumor cell infiltration and the magnitude and immunological specificity of the paraprotein. WM presents fascinating clues on neoplastic B-cell development, including the recent discovery of a specific gain-of-function mutation in the MYD88 adapter protein. This not only provides an intriguing link to new findings that natural effector IgM(+)IgD(+) memory B-cells are dependent on MYD88 signaling, but also supports the hypothesis that WM derives from primitive, innate-like B-cells, such as marginal zone and B1 B-cells. Following a brief review of the clinical aspects and natural history of WM, this review discusses the thorny issue of WM's cell of origin in greater depth. Also included are emerging, genetically engineered mouse models of human WM that may enhance our understanding of the biologic and genetic underpinnings of the disease and facilitate the design and testing of new approaches to treat and prevent WM more effectively.
    01/2013; 2013:815325. DOI:10.1155/2013/815325
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a small B-cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation that does not fulfill the criteria for any other small B-cell lymphoma. Cytogenetic characterization of nodal LPL is limited and the distinction from marginal zone lymphomas with plasmacytic differentiation can be problematic. Thus, 17 cases of lymph node-based LPL were studied with fluorescence immunophenotypic and interphase cytogenetics for the investigation of neoplasia (FICTION) using a CD79a antibody and probes to detect trisomies of chromosomes 3 (15 cases), 12 (16 cases), and 18 (17 cases); rearrangements (R) of IgH (10 cases), BCL6 (6 cases), PAX5 (7 cases), and MALT1 (16 cases); and deletion 6q21 (7 cases). Cases with IgH R were further studied with an IgH/BCL2 probe. In cases without FICTION studies, previously reported fluorescence in situ hybridization results for IgH, PAX5, and deletion 6q21 were available from prior studies. The histopathology, immunophenotype, and available clinical data were also reviewed. Three pathologic categories were recognized: 5 classic LPL, 5 vaguely nodular polymorphous (VN-P), and 7 other. Among the classic LPL, 4/4 had an IgM paraproteinemia, 5/5 had bone marrow involvement (BM+), and 1/5 had +MALT1. One of one VN-P LPL had an IgM paraprotein, 2/4 were IgM+, 2/4 IgG+, 1/3 had BM+, and 1/5 had an IgH R. Among the other cases, 2/3 had a paraprotein, 2/7 were IgM+, 5/7 IgG+, and 0/3 had BM+. Of these cases, 1 showed +12, 1 +18, and 1 IgH/BCL2 rearrangement plus +18. None of the 17 cases had a 6q21 deletion or +3. Therefore, with rare exception, lymph node-based LPL with classic or more varied histopathologic features does not have the cytogenetic abnormalities frequently associated with bone marrow-based LPL/Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia or many of the marginal zone lymphomas. The search for better objective inclusionary criteria for LPL must continue.
    American Journal of Surgical Pathology 10/2008; 32(11):1643-1653. DOI:10.1097/PAS.0b013e3181758806 · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is distinct B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder primarily characterized by bone marrow infiltration of lymphoplasmacytic cells along with production of a serum monoclonal (IgM). In this review, we describe the biology of WM, the diagnostic evaluation for WM with a discussion of other conditions that are in the differential diagnosis and clinical manifestations of the disease as well as current treatment options. Within the novel agents discussed are everolimus, perifosine, enzastaurin, panobinostat, bortezomib and carfilzomib, pomalidomide and ibrutinib. Many of the novel agents have shown good responses and have a better toxicity profile compared to traditional chemotherapeutic agents, which makes them good candidates to be used as primary therapies for WM in the future.
    Expert Review of Hematology 01/2014; DOI:10.1586/17474086.2014.871494 · 2.38 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
50 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014