A biocompatibility study of a reinforced acrylic-based hybrid denture composite resin with polyhedraloligosilsesquioxane.
ABSTRACT Acrylic-based denture materials have several common weak points, such as shrinkage after curing, lack of strength and toxicity. In order to solve these problems, we adapted a hybrid system using acrylic polymer and polyhedraloligosilsesquioxane (POSS). The aim of the study was to investigate the biocompatibility of a reinforced acrylic-based hybrid denture composite resin with POSS. Specimens of a novel polymeric denture base resin, in which POSS was used to partially replace the commonly used base monomer, were fabricated. In order to examine changes in biocompatibility with time, fresh specimens, along with specimens soaked in distilled water for 24 and 72 h were fabricated. Three other types of acrylic denture base resins were used to prepare the resin specimens. Biocompatibility (as measured by a metabolic assay, an agar overlay test, and a mutagenesis assay) of the composites was tested. The metabolic and mutagenesis assays were conducted with pure culture medium as a control. In this study, the reinforced acrylic-based hybrid denture composite resin with POSS showed improved biocompatibility and lower mutagenicity than the control. Statistical examinations showed the cell metabolic activity of the novel polymeric denture base resin in the 72-h immersion case as having almost the same inclination as the control. We hope that these results might aid in the development of a reinforced acrylic-based denture resin.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We aimed to assess the contrast enhancement patterns of the retrodiscal tissue with dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) with respect to different temporomandibular joint disc pathologies. Additionally, we questioned the relationship between the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and the contrast enhancement pattern of the retrodiscal tissue regardless of the TMJ disc position. 52 joints of 26 patients (4 males and 22 females) who have pain in at least at one of their TMJ were included in this study. For the qualitative analysis, the joints were divided into four groups in terms of their disc positions: normal (1), partially displaced with or without reduction (2), totally dislocated with reduction (3) and totally dislocated without reduction (4). Besides, two different joint groups were constituted, namely the painful group and painless group according to the clinical findings without taking the TMJ disc positions into account. Quantitative analyses were made by means of measuring signal intensity ratios (SI) ratio at the retrodiscal tissue (from internal side and external side of the each joint) using DCE-MRI and these measurements were analyzed with paired samples t test to define the difference between the measurements. At the second stage, the time-dependent arithmetical mean values of the SI ratios were calculated for each joint group and significant differences between the groups were questioned using analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Besides, painful and painless groups which were classified on the basis of the clinical data were compared according to the mean SI ratios found for each joint and the significant differences between these two groups were assessed by means of Student's T test. The results were assessed in 95% confidence interval where the significance level was p<0.05. A significant difference was observed between the internal and external contrast enhancement of the joints with partial displacement. Another significant difference was found between the average time versus SI ratio curves of the four groups. In consequence of the comparison made between the joints classified as painful and painless on the basis of the clinical data, one more significant difference was observed according to the mean SI ratios of the groups without taking the TMJ disc position into account. The contrast enhancement patterns in the retrodiscal tissues of the painful joints showed significant differences in comparison with the painless joints. This result supports the hypothesis defending that inflammation and increased vascularity are responsible from the TMJ pain. Besides, the measurements from the retrodiscal tissues of the joints with partial displacement show significant difference between the signals of the displaced and non-displaced parts of the joints. Dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging revealed that different disc malpositions create different contrast enhancement patterns. On this basis, it is assessed that the types of the disc malpositions, which are believed to be acquired pathologies, are correlated with the retrodiscal inflammation degrees.European journal of radiology 02/2011; 81(3):603-8. · 2.65 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ground-breaking advances in nanomedicine (defined as the application of nanotechnology in medicine) have proposed novel therapeutics and diagnostics, which can potentially revolutionize current medical practice. Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) with a distinctive nanocage structure consisting of an inner inorganic framework of silicon and oxygen atoms, and an outer shell of organic functional groups is one of the most promising nanomaterials for medical applications. Enhanced biocompatibility and physicochemical (material bulk and surface) properties have resulted in the development of a wide range of nanocomposite POSS copolymers for biomedical applications, such as the development of biomedical devices, tissue engineering scaffolds, drug delivery systems, dental applications, and biological sensors. The application of POSS nanocomposites in combination with other nanostructures has also been investigated including silver nanoparticles and quantum dot nanocrystals. Chemical functionalization confers antimicrobial efficacy to POSS, and the use of polymer nanocomposites provides a biocompatible surface coating for quantum dot nanocrystals to enhance the efficacy of the materials for different biomedical and biotechnological applications. Interestingly, a family of POSS-containing nanocomposite materials can be engineered either as completely non-biodegradable materials or as biodegradable materials with tuneable degradation rates required for tissue engineering applications. These highly versatile POSS derivatives have created new horizons for the field of biomaterials research and beyond. Currently, the application of POSS-containing polymers in various fields of nanomedicine is under intensive investigation with expectedly encouraging outcomes.Macromolecular Rapid Communications 05/2011; 32(14):1032-46. · 4.93 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hybrid materials with superior structural and functional properties can be obtained by incorporating nanofillers into polymer matrices. Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanoparticles have attracted much attention recently due to their nanometer size, the ease of which these particles can be incorporated into polymeric materials and the unique capability to reinforce polymers. We review here the state of POSS-containing polymer nanocomposites. We discuss the influence of the incorporation of POSS into polymer matrices via chemical cross-linking or physical blending on the structure of nanocomposites, as affected by surface functional groups, and the POSS concentration.Nanomaterials. 01/2012; 2(4):445-475.