Beliefs that Condoms Reduce Sexual Pleasure—Gender Differences in Correlates Among Heterosexual HIV-Positive Injection Drug Users (IDUs)

Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/STD/TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE Mail Stop E37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.
Journal of Urban Health (Impact Factor: 1.9). 07/2007; 84(4):523-36. DOI: 10.1007/s11524-007-9162-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Studies consistently find that negative condom beliefs or attitudes are significantly associated with less condom use in various populations, including HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs). As part of efforts to reduce sexual risk among HIV-positive IDUs, one of the goals of HIV interventions should be the promotion of positive condom beliefs. In this paper we sought to identify the correlates of negative condom beliefs and examined whether such correlates varied by gender, using a subsample (those with an opposite-sex main partner; n = 348) of baseline data collected as part of a randomized controlled study of HIV-positive IDUs. In multivariate analyses, we found more significant correlates for women than for men. With men, perception that their sex partner is not supportive of condom use (negative partner norm) was the only significant correlate (Beta = -0.30; p < 0.01; R (2) = 0.18). Among women, negative partner norm (Beta = -0.18; p < 0.05); having less knowledge about HIV, STD, and hepatitis (Beta = -0.16; p < 0.05); lower self-efficacy for using a condom (Beta = -0.40; p < 0.01); and more episodes of partner violence (Beta = 0.15; p < 0.05) were significantly associated with negative condom beliefs (R (2) = 0.36). These findings suggest important gender-specific factors to consider in interventions that seek to promote positive condom beliefs among HIV-positive IDUs.

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Available from: Carl Latkin, Sep 28, 2015
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    • "Other studies, however, have found either that men scored higher than women in perceived self-efficacy regarding condom use or that there were no significant gender differences in perceived self-efficacy. For example, a study of 179 men and 169 women in 4 US cities found no significant gender differences in perceived self-efficacy regarding condom use during vaginal sex [11]. Differences in risk behavior for HIV infection between male and female IDUs have been reported in a few studies [12] [13]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Studies have documented that the perceived self-efficacy of attempts to engage in safer behavior is critical for the prevention of blood-borne diseases, including hepatitis C and HIV. The aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the perceived self-efficacy of safer HIV-related behavior among heroin and amphetamine abusers. Of the eligible participants from Taiwan prisons, 1622 polydrug users voluntarily agreed to complete a questionnaire regarding HIV risks. Participants had to be polydrug abusers (amphetamines and heroin), 18 years or older, sexually experienced, and literate. The questionnaire addressed background information, drug abuse, sexual behavior, and perceived self-efficacy in drug- and sex-related HIV risk situations. Twenty-four percent of respondents were HIV positive. Compared to men, women started illicit drug use at a younger age and were less likely to share syringes. Women also tended to have their first sexual coitus at an older age and were less likely to use a condom in their last sexual encounter. Men were more likely to have multiple sexual partners in the past 6 months. Results from a multinomial logistic regression indicate that gender, age, their interaction, age of first sexual encounter, HIV knowledge, condom use at last sexual encounter, and multiple sexual partners were associated with perceived self-efficacy of condom use. Results also show that gender, HIV serostatus, HIV knowledge, condom use at last sexual encounter, and sharing needles at last injection were associated with perceived self-efficacy in not sharing needles. The findings provide evidence for gender differences among polydrug abusers in Taiwan regarding perceived self-efficacy in adopting HIV prevention practices. Findings also provide evidence that knowledge about HIV transmission is related to perceived self-efficacy in promoting safe behavior. To raise polydrug abusers' perceived self-efficacy, gender and HIV/AIDS education must be taken into consideration in counseling and/or public health education related to HIV prevention for drug abusers.
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the associations between past intimate partner abuse experienced during adolescence (verbal and physical), recent intimate partner abuse (verbal, physical, and sexual), and HIV risk (as indicated by lack of condom use) for sexually active young adult women in relationships with male partners. Secondary data analysis of waves II and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). The Add Health Study is a longitudinal, in-home survey of a nationally representative sample of adolescents. Analyses involved 2,058 sexually active young adult women. HIV risk was measured by consistent condom use over the past 12 months. Physical and verbal abuse experienced in adolescence were associated with physical/verbal abuse experienced in young adulthood. Young, sexually active women experiencing no abuse in their relationships were more likely to consistently use condoms in the past 12 months than were their abused counterparts. A causal pathway may exist between prior abuse, current abuse, and HIV risk.
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