Prognostic significance of Id-1 and its association with EGFR in renal cell cancer.
ABSTRACT Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is suggested as one of the positive regulators in the invasive progression of renal cell cancer (RCC). Recently, Id-1 (inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding), a helix-loop-helix transcription factor, has been identified as one of the key factors in the EGFR signalling pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of Id-1 expression in renal cell cancer and to study its relationship with EGFR.
Id-1 and EGFR expression was examined in tissue microarray (TMA) samples of 107 RCC and 32 normal kidney specimens by immunohistochemistry. Relative Id-1 and EGFR protein expression was quantified by estimating the staining intensity on a four-grade scale. We found that while negative to weak expression of Id-1 and EGFR was observed in non-malignant kidney tissues, most RCCs showed significant positive Id-1 and EGFR expression in tumour cells. In addition, Id-1 immunostaining intensity was positively associated with increased tumour staging, grading and EGFR expression.
Overexpression of Id-1 is a novel marker for advanced RCC which is positively correlated with EGFR expression. Our results suggest that Id-1 may play an important role in the development of RCC and indicate that Id-1 is a potential marker of patients with a poor prognosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Irina Gaisina[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), a constitutively active serine/threonine kinase, is a key regulator of numerous cellular processes ranging from glycogen metabolism to cell cycle regulation and proliferation. Consistent with its involvement in many pathways, it has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of various human diseases including Type II diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, bipolar disorder, inflammation and cancer. Consequently it is recognized as an attractive target for the development of new drugs. In the present study, we investigated the effect of both pharmacological and genetic inhibition of GSK-3 in two different renal cancer cell lines. We have shown potent anti-proliferative activity of 9-ING-41, a maleimide-based GSK-3 inhibitor. The anti-proliferative activity is most likely caused by G0-G1 and G2-M phase arrest as evident from cell cycle analysis. We have established that inhibition of GSK-3 imparted a differentiated phenotype in renal cancer cells. We have also shown that GSK-3 inhibition induced autophagy, likely as a result of imbalanced energy homeostasis caused by impaired glucose metabolism. Additionally, we have demonstrated the antitumor activity of 9-ING-41 in two different subcutaneous xenograft RCC tumor models. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing autophagy induction due to GSK-3 inhibition in renal cancer cells.Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 12/2013; · 5.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of 2',3'-bis-O-silylated or -acylated derivatives of lead compound 3a (2',3'-bis-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-5'-deoxy-5'-(N-methylcarbamoyl)amino-N(6)-(N-phenylcarbamoyl)adenosine) were prepared and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against a panel of murine and human cancer cell lines (L1210, FM3A, CEM, and HeLa). 2',3'-O-Silyl groups investigated included triethylsilyl (10a), tert-butyldiphenylsilyl (10b), and triisopropylsilyl (10c). 2',3'-O-Acyl groups investigated included acetyl (13a), benzoyl (13b), isobutyryl (13c), butanoyl (13d), pivaloyl (13e), hexanoyl (13f), octanoyl (13g), decanoyl (13h), and hexadecanoyl (13i). IC(50) values ranged from 3.0±0.3 to >200μg/mL, with no improvement relative to lead compound 3a. Derivative 10a was approximately equipotent to 3a, while compounds 13e-g were from three to fivefold less potent, and all other compounds were significantly much less active. A desilylated derivative (5'-deoxy-5'-(N-methylcarbamoyl)amino-N(6)-(N-phenylcarbamoyl)adenosine; 5) and several representative derivatives from each subgroup (10a-10c, 13a-13c) were screened for binding affinity for bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1b (BMPR1b). Only compound 5 showed appreciable affinity (K(d)=11.7±0.5μM), consistent with the inference that 3a may act as a prodrug depot form of the biologically active derivative 5. Docking studies (Surflex Dock, Sybyl X 1.3) for compounds 3a and 5 support this conclusion.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 08/2012; 22(19):6067-71. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inhibitor of DNA binding (ID) proteins are transcriptional regulators that control the timing of cell fate determination and differentiation in stem and progenitor cells during normal development and adult life. ID genes are frequently deregulated in many types of human neoplasms, and they endow cancer cells with biological features that are hijacked from normal stem cells. The ability of ID proteins to function as central 'hubs' for the coordination of multiple cancer hallmarks has established these transcriptional regulators as therapeutic targets and biomarkers in specific types of human tumours.Nature Reviews Cancer 01/2014; · 29.54 Impact Factor