On-chip surface-based detection with nanohole arrays

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Analytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.83). 07/2007; 79(11):4094-100. DOI: 10.1021/ac070001a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A microfluidic device with integrated surface plasmon resonance (SPR) chemical and biological sensors based on arrays of nanoholes in gold films is demonstrated. Widespread use of SPR for surface analysis in laboratories has not translated to microfluidic analytical chip platforms, in part due to challenges associated with scaling down the optics and the surface area required for common reflection mode operation. The resonant enhancement of light transmission through subwavelength apertures in a metallic film suggests the use of nanohole arrays as miniaturized SPR-based sensing elements. The device presented here takes advantage of the unique properties of nanohole arrays: surface-based sensitivity; transmission mode operation; a relatively small footprint; and repeatability. Proof-of-concept measurements performed on-chip indicated a response to small changes in refractive index at the array surfaces. A sensitivity of 333 nm per refractive index unit was demonstrated with the integrated device. The device was also applied to detect spatial microfluidic concentration gradients and to monitor a biochemical affinity process involving the biotin-streptavidin system. Results indicate the efficacy of nanohole arrays as surface plasmon-based sensing elements in a microfluidic platform, adding unique surface-sensitive diagnostic capabilities to the existing suite of microfluidic-based analytical tools.

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Available from: Reuven Gordon, Aug 12, 2014