Mapping of a gene for alopecia with mental retardation syndrome (APMR3) on chromosome 18q11.2-q12.2.
ABSTRACT Alopecia with mental retardation syndrome (APMR) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by total or partial absence of hair from the scalp and other parts of the body and associated with mental retardation. Previously, we have reported the mapping of two alopecia and mental retardation genes (APMR1 and APMR2) on human chromosome 3. In the present study, after excluding both of these loci through linkage analysis, a whole genome scan was performed by genotyping 396 polymorphic microsatellite markers located on 22 autosomes and the X and Y chromosomes. A disease locus was mapped to a 10.9 cM region, flanked by markers D18S866 and D18S811, on chromosome 18q11.2-q12.2. A maximum two-point LOD score of 3.03 at theta= 0.0 was obtained with marker D18S1102. Multipoint linkage analysis resulted in maximum LOD scores of 4.03 with several markers in the candidate region. According to the Rutgers combined linkage-physical map of the human genome (build 36) this region covers 12.17 Mb. DNA sequence analysis of nine candidate genes including DSC3, DSC1, DSG1, DSG4, DSG3, ZNF397, ZNF271, ZNF24 and ZNF396 did not reveal any sequence variants in the affected individuals of the family presented here.
Article: Digenic inheritance of an autosomal recessive hypotrichosis in two consanguineous pedigrees.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hypotrichosis is a human hereditary hair loss disorder in which affected individuals show sparse to complete absence of hair on scalp and/or on different body parts. To date, at least eight isolated autosomal recessive and dominant forms of hypotrichosis loci have been mapped on different human chromosomes, and the corresponding genes have been identified. Detailed clinical and molecular studies were undertaken of the hereditary hypotrichosis observed in the two consanguineous families (A and B) presented here. Human genome scan, using >500 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers, identified equal evidence of linkage of the hypotrichosis phenotype on chromosomes 12q21.2-q22 and 16q21-q23.1 in both the families. The novel hypotrichosis locus on chromosome 12q21.2-q22 spans 16.3 cM (17.62 Mb), flanked by markers D12S326 and D12S101. At this locus, maximum multipoint logarithm of the odds ratio (LOD) scores of 3.68 and 3.31 were obtained in families A and B, respectively. The second hypotrichosis locus on chromosome 16q21-q23.1, identified in the two families, spans 5.58 cM (8.28 Mb) and is flanked by markers D16S3031 and D16S512. Maximum multipoint LOD scores of 3.17 and 3.31 were obtained with markers mapped at this locus in families A and B, respectively. DNA sequence analysis of six candidate genes (PLEKHG7, SLC6A15, VEZT, DUSP6, KERA and KITLG), located in the linkage interval on chromosome 12q21.2-q22, failed to detect potential sequence variants in the affected individuals of the two families. However, DNA sequence analysis of CDH3 gene, located on chromosome 16q21-q23.1, detected a single base pair homozygous insertion (c.1024_1025insG and p.342insGfsX345) in exon 9 in family A and deletion of four base pair (c.1859_1862delCTCT and p.620delSfsX629) in exon 13 in family B. We described for the first time digenic inheritance of an autosomal recessive hypotrichosis phenotype in two unlinked loci on chromosomes 12q21.2-q22 and 16q21-q23.1 in two unrelated consanguineous Pakistani families.Clinical Genetics 03/2011; 79(3):273-81. · 3.13 Impact Factor