Personality in domestic cats

Department of Psychology, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri, United States
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 03/2007; 100(1):27-9. DOI: 10.2466/PR0.100.1.27-29
Source: PubMed


Personality ratings of 196 cats were made by their owners using a 5-point Likert scale anchored by 1: not at all and 5: a great deal with 12 items: timid, friendly, curious, sociable, obedient, clever, protective, active, independent, aggressive, bad-tempered, and emotional. A principal components analysis with varimax rotation identified three intepretable components. Component I had high loadings by active, clever, curious, and sociable. Component II had high loadings by emotional, friendly, and protective, Component III by aggressive and bad-tempered, and Component IV by timid. Sex was not associated with any component, but age showed a weak negative correlation with Component I. Older animals were rated less social and curious than younger animals.

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    • "Behavioral characteristics of an individual that are relatively consistent over time can be described as the individual's personality, and different dimensions, or factors, of that personality consist of correlating behavioral traits (Koolhaas et al. 1999; Carere and Eens 2005; Groothuis and Carere 2005). Assessment of personality is increasingly used for describing and quantifying behavioral variation in both wild and domestic animal species (Müller and Schrader 2005; Lee et al. 2007; Bell 2011; van Overveld and Matthysen 2013). Personality can be studied in terms of between-individual differences (population level) and within-individual variation (individual level; Uher 2011). "
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