Angiotensin II receptor blockers in pregnancy: a case report and systematic review of the literature.

PharmaREASONS. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Hypertension in Pregnancy (Impact Factor: 1.19). 02/2007; 26(1):51-66. DOI: 10.1080/10641950601147937
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To describe the case of a woman exposed to angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) in the preconceptional period and to systematically review the literature on the safety of these drugs when used by pregnant women.
The case was identified at the Korean Motherisk Program (Seoul). For the systematic review, we searched the PubMed for case reports, case series, and post-marketing surveys.
A hypertensive woman was exposed to irbesartan prior to conception. The embryo had delayed development of upper and lower extremities and decreased digital groove. A karyotype identified a 45,XO Turner syndrome. The patient had a spontaneous abortion. Including the case reported here, 64 published cases were identified in total; 57.8% had favorable and 42.2% had unfavorable outcomes. Duration of treatment during pregnancy among women who had adverse fetal outcomes was 26.3 +/- 10.5 weeks (mean +/- SD), compared with 17.3 +/- 11.6 weeks in those who had favorable outcomes (p = 0.04).
Exposure to ARBs for a period longer than the first trimester of pregnancy appears to be associated with a high risk for adverse fetal outcomes.

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