Article

The mast cell-restricted tryptase mMCP-6 has a critical immunoprotective role in bacterial infections.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and Center for Lung Inflammation and Infection, Institute for Biosciences and Technology, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.65). 08/2007; 282(29):20809-15. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M611842200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although it has been shown that mast cell-deficient mice have diminished innate immune responses against bacteria, the most important immunoprotective factors secreted from activated mast cells have not been identified. Mouse mast cell protease 6 is a tetramer-forming tryptase. This serine protease is abundant in the secretory granules and is exocytosed upon bacterial challenge. Here we have described the generation of a mast cell protease-6-null mouse. Our discovery that mice lacking this neutral protease cannot efficiently clear Klebsiella pneumoniae from their peritoneal cavities reveals an essential role for this serine protease, and presumably its human ortholog, in innate immunity.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
79 Views
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes enhances susceptibility to infection and favors the sepsis development. In addition, diabetic mice produced higher levels of histamine in several tissues and in the blood after LPS stimulation than nondiabetic mice. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of mast cells (MCs) and histamine in neutrophil migration and, consequently, infection control in diabetic mice with mild sepsis (MS) induced by cecum ligation and puncture. We used female BALB/c, MC-sufficient (WB/B6), MC-deficient (W/W(v)), and NOD mice. Diabetic mice given MS displayed 100% mortality within 24 h, whereas all nondiabetic mice survived for at least 5 d. The mortality rate of diabetic mice was reduced to 57% after the depletion of MC granules with compound 48/80. Moreover, this pretreatment increased neutrophil migration to the focus of infection, which reduced systemic inflammatory response and bacteremia. The downregulation of CXCR2 and upregulation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in neutrophils was prevented by pretreatment of diabetic mice given MS with compound 48/80. In addition, blocking the histamine H2 receptor restored neutrophil migration, enhanced CXCR2 expression, decreased bacteremia, and improved sepsis survival in alloxan-induced diabetic and spontaneous NOD mice. Finally, diabetic W/W(v) mice had neutrophil migration to the peritoneal cavity, increased CXCR2 expression, and reduced bacteremia compared with diabetic WB/B6 mice. These results demonstrate that histamine released by MCs reduces diabetic host resistance to septic peritonitis in mice.
    The Journal of Immunology 07/2013; · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nuclear receptor 4a3 (Nr4a3) is a transcription factor implicated in various settings such as vascular biology and inflammation. We have recently shown that mast cells dramatically upregulate Nuclear receptor 4a3 upon activation, and here we investigated the functional impact of Nuclear receptor 4a3 on mast cell responses. We show that Nuclear receptor 4a3 is involved in the regulation of cytokine/chemokine secretion in mast cells following activation via the high affinity IgE receptor. Moreover, Nuclear receptor 4a3 negatively affects the transcript and protein levels of mast cell tryptase as well as the mast cell's responsiveness to allergen. Together, these findings identify Nuclear receptor 4a3 as a novel regulator of mast cell function.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e89311. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To achieve immune homeostasis in such a harsh environment as the intestinal mucosa, both active and quiescent immunity operate simultaneously. Disruption of gut immune homeostasis leads to the development of intestinal immune diseases such as colitis and food allergies. Among various intestinal innate immune cells, mast cells (MCs) play critical roles in protective immunity against pathogenic microorganisms, especially at mucosal sites. This suggests the potential for a novel MC-targeting type of vaccine adjuvant. Dysregulated activation of MCs also results in inflammatory responses in mucosal compartments. The regulation of this yin and yang function of MCs remains to be elucidated. In this review, we focus on the roles of mucosal MCs in the regulation of intestinal allergic reaction, inflammation and their potential as a new target for the development of mucosal adjuvants.
    Experimental & molecular medicine. 01/2014; 46:e83.

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from
Feb 20, 2014