Ruptured aneurysm of the distal anterior cerebral artery: clinical features and surgical strategies.
ABSTRACT Ruptured aneurysms of the distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) are relatively rare and surgical management provides some unique technical challenges. This retrospective analysis of 20 patients with distal ACA aneurysms evaluated the clinical features and surgical strategies. The characteristic findings were small and common concurrent aneurysms, and frequent intracerebral hematoma (ICH). Aneurysms were divided by location on the genu (n = 13), infracallosal (n = 5), and supracallosal portions (n = 2). All patients except one underwent surgery via an interhemispheric route. Unilateral craniotomy was performed for aneurysms on the genu portions without massive ICH. Bilateral craniotomies were selected for aneurysm located on the infracallosal portion or combined with massive ICH. No intraoperative rupture was observed. Favorable outcomes were achieved in 15 of 20 patients, and only one patient died. The preoperative Hunt and Kosnik grade was closely correlated with the outcome.
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ABSTRACT: Although endovascular surgery is now widely used to treat intracranial aneurysms, no comparative studies of clipping versus endovascular surgery to address distal ACA aneurysms at the same institution are available. We compared the results of these treatment modalities to address distal ACA aneurysms at our institution. We treated 68 patients with ruptured distal ACA aneurysms (endovascular surgery, n=13; clipping surgery, n=55). We performed a retrospective comparison of the treatment outcomes. To study the efficacy of endovascular surgery we classified all our cases into three types: type A were small-necked aneurysms, type B were wide-necked aneurysms on the parent artery, and type C were aneurysms in which the A3 portion of the ACA arose from the aneurysmal dome near the neck. Intraoperative hemorrhage occurred in 7.7% of aneurysms treated by endovascular surgery and in 34.5% treated by clipping surgery. In 7.7% of the endovascularly-treated aneurysms we noted coil migration during embolization surgery; venous infarction due to cortical vein injury occurred in 7.3% of clipped aneurysms. Of the endovascularly-treated aneurysms, 7.7% manifested post-embolization hemorrhage; 23.1% manifested coil compaction. In clipping surgery, postoperative rerupture occurred in 1.8% of the aneurysms; one patient presented with postoperative acute epidural hematoma. Clip dislocation was noted in 1.8% of aneurysms. Angiography was indicative of post-treatment vasospasm in 7.7% of aneurysms treated endovascularly and in 50.9% of the clipped aneurysms. The clinical outcome showed no significant difference between endovascular surgery and clipping surgery.Interventional Neuroradiology 03/2011; 17(1):49-57. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The clinical, angiographic and surgical features of 13 (out of 18) patients harboring pericallosal aneurysms and operated on by the same group of neurosurgeons, are analyzed. The mortality rate of the whole series was 5.5% with good (GOS II) or excellent (GOS I) recovery in the 91.7% of cases. According to the experience of the authors pericallosal aneurysms should not be considered to have a worse prognosis than aneurysms in other locations of the anterior circulation.Neurocirugia (Asturias, Spain) 09/2005; 16(4):333-44. · 0.34 Impact Factor