MERLIN-TIMI 36 Trial Investigators. Effects of ranolazine on recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: The MERLIN-TIMI 36 randomized trial

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 35.29). 05/2007; 297(16):1775-83. DOI: 10.1001/jama.297.16.1775
Source: PubMed


Ranolazine is a novel antianginal agent that reduces ischemia in patients with chronic angina but has not been studied in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
To determine the efficacy and safety of ranolazine during long-term treatment of patients with non-ST-elevation ACS.
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational clinical trial of 6560 patients within 48 hours of ischemic symptoms who were treated with ranolazine (initiated intravenously and followed by oral ranolazine extended-release 1000 mg twice daily, n = 3279) or matching placebo (n = 3281), and followed up for a median of 348 days in the Metabolic Efficiency With Ranolazine for Less Ischemia in Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (MERLIN)-TIMI 36 trial between October 8, 2004, and February 14, 2007.
The primary efficacy end point was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), or recurrent ischemia through the end of study. The major safety end points were death from any cause and symptomatic documented arrhythmia.
The primary end point occurred in 696 patients (21.8%) in the ranolazine group and 753 patients (23.5%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.02; P = .11). The major secondary end point (cardiovascular death, MI, or severe recurrent ischemia) occurred in 602 patients (18.7%) in the ranolazine group and 625 (19.2%) in the placebo group (HR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.86-1.08; P = .50). Cardiovascular death or MI occurred in 338 patients (10.4%) allocated to ranolazine and 343 patients (10.5%) allocated to placebo (HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.85-1.15; P = .87). Recurrent ischemia was reduced in the ranolazine group (430 [13.9%]) compared with the placebo group (494 [16.1%]; HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.76-0.99; P = .03). QTc prolongation requiring a reduction in the dose of intravenous drug occurred in 31 patients (0.9%) receiving ranolazine compared with 10 patients (0.3%) receiving placebo. Symptomatic documented arrhythmias did not differ between the ranolazine (99 [3.0%]) and placebo (102 [3.1%]) groups (P = .84). No difference in total mortality was observed with ranolazine compared with placebo (172 vs 175; HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.80-1.22; P = .91).
The addition of ranolazine to standard treatment for ACS was not effective in reducing major cardiovascular events. Ranolazine did not adversely affect the risk of all-cause death or symptomatic documented arrhythmia. Our findings provide support for the safety and efficacy of ranolazine as antianginal therapy. Identifier: NCT00099788.

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    • "Recently, several experimental studies have revealed a potent antiarrhythmic action of ranolazine [5] [7]. The first clinical evidence of ranolazine's antiarrhythmic efficacy has been highlighted in the MERLIN-TIMI 36 (Metabolic Efficiency with Ranolazine for Less Ischemia in Non-ST- Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome–Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 36) trial, which revealed that ranolazine may suppress both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome [8] [9] [10] [11]. *Address correspondence to this author at Cardiology Department, Ippokrateio Hospital, Vas. "
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    ABSTRACT: Ranolazine, a newly introduced, FDA-approved antianginal agent, has more recently been shown to have additional beneficial antiarrhythmic actions attributed to its inhibitory effect on both peak and late sodium current. The first clinical evidence of ranolazine's antiarrhythmic efficacy has been provided by the MERLIN-TIMI 36 trial, which showed that ranolazine may suppress both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. An interesting observation of available studies is that ranolazine seems to be more effective in pathological conditions, such as heart failure, ischemia, tachyarrhythmias or long QT3 syndrome, and has little effect on normal myocytes. Importantly, the drug may have an antiarrhythmic effect without causing proarrhythmia. The mechanisms involved in the antiarrhythmic action of ranolazine, experimental and clinical data for its antiarrhythmic efficacy in suppressing atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, are herein reviewed. Current data from small randomized trials indicate that further larger randomized controlled trials are needed that will examine the antiarrhythmic effects of ranolazine and its potential use in patients with arrhythmias.
    Cardiovascular & hematological agents in medicinal chemistry 07/2015; 13(1):0-0. DOI:10.2174/187152571301150730113903
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    • "However, in the present study, syncope was not reported in the ranolazine group. This could be attributed to the dose of 500 mg BD used in our study compared to 500 / 750 / 1000 mg BD used in the MERLIN–TIMI 36 trial [30]. Syncope and postural hypotension have been found to occur with ranolazine probably due to it's α blockade action at a higher dose of 2000 mg [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases have become the leading cause of death around the globe and diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered to be a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk equivalent. Ranolazine, an anti anginal drug has been found to reduce Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in diabetes patients with chronic angina. However the effect of another antianginal drug trimetazidine, on glycemic status is not clear. To compare the effect of ranolazine and trimetazidine on glycemic status in diabetic patients with CAD. Patients diagnosed with CAD and diabetes mellitus attending Cardiology Out Patient Department (OPD), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India were recruited for this randomized open label parallel arm trial. The study conducted from January-2012 to April-2013 had 47 eligible patients diagnosed with CAD and diabetes mellitus. They were randomized to receive either ranolazine 500 mg BD or trimetazidine 35 mg BD for 12 weeks. HbA1c levels, fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipid profile, QT and QTc intervals were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Unpaired t-test was used to compare the baseline characteristics of between the groups while comparison within the groups were done using Paired t-test. Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney U-tests were used for non parametric data. Graph pad instat version-3 was used for statistical analysis. Values were expressed as mean ± SD. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The study could not find any change in HbA1c levels in both ranolazine and trimetazidine groups. The adverse effects reported from patients on ranolazine include angina, constipation, postural hypotension, headache, dizziness, nausea and weakness while patients on trimetazidine complained of constipation, weakness, palpitations, angina, dizziness, nausea, dyspepsia, headache, gastric discomfort, joint pain, etc. In patients with chronic angina and diabetes mellitus Ranolazine 500mg BD and Trimetazidine 35mg BD did not show any effect on HbA1c and fasting blood glucose lebel.
    03/2015; 9(1):OC01-5. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2015/10594.5448
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    • "The randomized, double-blind, multinational MERLIN (Metabolic Efficiency with Ranolazine for Less Ischemia in Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome)-TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) 36 trial was designed to examine the safety and efficacy of ranolazine in an acute coronary syndrome population already receiving conventional treatment.41 In all, 6,560 patients were randomized within 48 hours of angina onset to additionally receive ranolazine (intravenously for the first 96 hours and then orally 1,000 mg ER twice daily), or placebo for a median of 348 days. "
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    ABSTRACT: Mortality rates attributable to coronary heart disease have declined in recent years, possibly related to changes in clinical presentation patterns and use of proven secondary prevention strategies. Chronic stable angina (CSA) remains prevalent, and the goal of treatment is control of symptoms and reduction in cardiovascular events. Ranolazine is a selective inhibitor of the late sodium current in myocytes with anti-ischemic and metabolic properties. It was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2006 for use in patients with CSA. Multiple, randomized, placebo-controlled trials have shown that ranolazine improves functional capacity and decreases anginal episodes in CSA patients, despite a lack of a significant hemodynamic effect. Ranolazine did not improve cardiovascular mortality or affect incidence of myocardial infarction in the MERLIN (Metabolic Efficiency with Ranolazine for Less Ischemia in Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome)-TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) 36 trial, but significantly decreased the incidence of recurrent angina. More recently, ranolazine has been shown to have beneficial and potent antiarrhythmic effects, both on supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, largely due to its inhibition of the late sodium current. Randomized controlled trials testing these effects are underway. Lastly, ranolazine appears to be cost-effective due to its ability to decrease angina-related hospitalizations and improve quality of life.
    Vascular Health and Risk Management 06/2014; 10:353-362. DOI:10.2147/VHRM.S40477
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