Estrogen amplifies pain responses to uterine cervical distension in rats by altering transient receptor potential-1 function

Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States
Anesthesia and analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.42). 06/2007; 104(5):1246-50, tables of contents. DOI: 10.1213/01.ane.0000263270.39480.a2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Estrogen sensitizes responses to painful stimuli, but its contribution to acute and chronic pain from the uterine cervix is unknown. Previous studies link the excitatory transient receptor potiential-1 channel (TRPV-1) to sensitization in viscera, and show that estrogen increases TRPV-1 expression in afferents from the uterine cervix. Here, we tested whether estrogen enhanced responses to uterine cervical distension in rats, and whether this involved TRPV-1 channels.
Ovariectomized rats, with or without estrogen replacement, were anesthetized and hypogastric nerve and abdominal muscle contraction reflex responses to graded uterine cervical distension were recorded. Single unit hypogastric nerve fiber firing was measured before and after acute treatment with the TRPV-1 antagonist, capsaizepine, or vehicle.
Abdominal muscle contraction reflex responses to uterine cervical distension were enhanced in estrogen-treated rats. Hypogastric afferent responses to cervical distension were reduced by capsaizepine in estrogen-treated animals, but were unaffected in ovariectomized animals without estrogen replacement.
These data suggest that the TRPV-1 channel is unimportant for normal mechanosensation in the cervix in the absence of estrogen, since capsaizepine failed to reduce responses to uterine cervical distension in rats without estrogen replacement. In contrast, TRPV-1 function is important for estrogen-induced sensitization. These data raise the possibility that acute and chronic pain coming from the cervix, such as labor or cancer, may be enhanced by estrogen and might be reduced by antagonists of TRPV-1.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic cough is a common reason for patients to seek medication attention. Over the last few decades, we have experienced significant clinical success by applying the paradigm of 'evaluating and treating the causes for chronic cough'. However, we still ask ourselves 'what underlies chronic cough. Indeed in a considerable proportion of patients cough is idiopathic, or unexplained despite vigorous evaluation. Commonly associated conditions such as rhinitis, eosinophilic bronchitis, asthma, or gastroesophageal acidic reflux may not be fundamental to cough, and thus may be triggers rather than causes. The cardinal feature of chronic cough is persistent upregulation the cough reflex, which may be driven by complex interactions between biologic, neurologic, immunologic, genetic, comorbid, and environmental factors. We suggest the new paradigm 'cough hypersensitivity syndrome' should finally bring us further advances in understanding and management of chronic cough.
    01/2014; 4(1):3-13. DOI:10.5415/apallergy.2014.4.1.3
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pain from the female reproductive tract (FRT) is a significant clinical problem for which there are few effective therapies. The complex neuroanatomy of pelvic organs not only makes diagnosis of pelvic pain disorders difficult but represents a challenge to development of targeted therapies. A number of potential therapeutic targets have been identified on sensory neurons supplying the FRT but our knowledge on the basic neurophysiology of these neurons is limited compared with other viscera. Until this is addressed we can only guess if the new experimental therapies proposed for somatic, gastrointestinal, or bladder pain will translate to the FRT. Once suitable therapeutic targets become clear, the next challenge is drug delivery. The FRT represents a promising system for topical drug delivery that could be tailored to act locally or systemically depending on formulation. Development of these therapies and their delivery systems will need to be done in concert with more robust in vivo and in vitro models of FRT pain.
    Frontiers in Pharmacology 02/2014; 5:17. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2014.00017
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum sodium concentration is the clinical index of systemic water balance. Although disordered water balance is common and morbid, little is known about genetic effects on serum sodium concentration at the population level. Prior studies addressed only participants of European descent and either failed to demonstrate significant heritability or showed only modest effect. We investigated heritability of serum sodium concentration in large cohorts reflecting a range of races/ethnicities, including the Framingham Heart Study (FHS, non-Hispanic Caucasian), the Heredity and Phenotype Intervention Heart Study (HAPI, Amish Caucasian), the Jackson Heart Study (JHS, African American), the Strong Heart Family Study (SHFS, American Indian), and the Genetics of Kidney Disease in Zuni Indians Study (GKDZI, American Indian). Serum sodium was transformed for the osmotic effect of glucose, and participants with markedly elevated glucose or reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were excluded. Using a standard variance components method, incorporating covariates of age, glucose, and eGFR, we found heritability to be high in African American and American Indian populations and much more modest in non-Hispanic Caucasian populations. Estimates among females increased after stratification on sex and were suggestive among female participants in FHS (0.18 ± 0.12, P = 0.057) and male participants in JHS (0.24 ± 0.16, P = 0.067) and statistically significant among female participants in JHS (0.44 ± 0.09, P = 1 × 10 ⁻⁷), SHFS (0.59 ± 0.05, P = 9.4 × 10⁻⁴⁶), and GKDZI (0.46 ± 0.15, P = 1.7 × 10⁻⁴), and male participants in HAPI (0.18 ± 0.12, P = 0.03) and SHFS (0.67 ± 0.07, P = 5.4 × 10⁻²⁶). Exclusion of diuretic users increased heritability among females and was significant in all cohorts where data were available. In aggregate, these data strongly support the heritability of systemic water balance and underscore sex and ethnicity-specific effects.
    Physiological Genomics 12/2011; 44(3):220-8. DOI:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00153.2011 · 2.81 Impact Factor