Human hepatocyte morphology and functions in a multibore fiber bioreactor.
ABSTRACT The viability and liver specific functions of human hepatocytes in a multibore fiber bioreactor are reported. Human hepatocytes were cultured in the intraluminal compartment of the bioreactor. Human hepatocytes on the membranes maintained their round shape and showed focal adhesions as sites of interaction with the membrane surface. Cells in the bioreactor expressed liver specific functions, including synthetic and detoxification activity up to 14 d of culture. The results demonstrate that human hepatocytes cultured in the multibore fiber bioreactor are able to sustain the same in vivo liver functions in vitro.
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ABSTRACT: Hyperforin is an important active component of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) that has been suggested to be responsible for the St. John's wort antidepressive effects and herbal-drug interactions. In this study, the in vitro metabolism profile of hyperforin was investigated using liver microsomes from male and female Sprague-Dawley rats, with or without induction by phenobarbital or dexamethasone. Four major Phase I metabolites, named 19-hydroxyhyperforin, 24-hydroxyhyperforin, 29-hydroxyhyperforin, and 34-hydroxyhyperforin, were isolated by high performance liquid chromatography and identified by mass spectrometry and NMR. Results suggest that hydroxylation is a major biotransformation of the hyperforin pathway in rat liver and that inducible cytochrome P450 3A (CYP450 3A) and/or CYP2B may be the major cytochrome P450 isoforms catalyzing these hydroxylation reactions.Drug Metabolism and Disposition 02/2004; 32(1):28-34. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have developed a bioartificial liver support system utilizing hollow-fiber bioreactor, plasmapheresis and microcarrier cell culture technologies. Liver cells were obtained through portal vein perfusion with ethylenediaminetetraacetate or ethylenediaminetetraacetate/collagenase. A mathematical model of mass transport in a hollow-fiber module, at various plasma flow velocities and system configurations, was developed. The bioartificial liver's ability to carry out specific differentiated metabolic liver functions was tested in vitro and in vivo. A reproducible large-animal model of acute ischemic liver failure was developed. Most major first-generation cyclosporine and 19-norterstosterone metabolites were isolated after substrate addition to the bioartificial liver in vitro. After bioartificial liver treatment for 6 hr (with dog or pig liver cells), dogs with acute liver failure had significantly lower serum ammonia and lactate levels and significantly higher serum glucose levels than did control animals treated with a bioartificial liver system inoculated with microcarriers alone. In addition, bioartificial liver-treated animals had significantly higher mean systolic blood pressures than did controls. Liver cell viability at the end of the 6-hr in vivo experiment was greater than 90%.Hepatology 03/1993; 17(2):258-65. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have previously described the design and operation of a microfabricated bioreactor that supports perfused 3D culture of liver cells and facilitates evolution of tissue-like morphological structures. Here, we describe the functional viability of cells maintained in this microarray bioreactor and examine the influence of different seeding protocols on the evolution of structure and function in comparison with static culture. Primary rat hepatocytes were seeded into the perfusion reactors either as single-cell suspensions immediately after isolation or as spheroidal aggregates formed over a 2- to 3-day period. Initial studies in which cells were cultured for 7 days postisolation revealed significantly greater functional activity and morphological stability of cells that were preaggregated for up to 3 days before seeding in the reactor, compared with direct seeding of single cells. Total albumin secretion and urea genesis rates in single-cell reactor cultures declined significantly during this initial culture period while remaining constant in preaggregated reactor cultures. Longer term studies indicate that rates of albumin secretion and urea genesis are maintained at constant levels through 15 days postisolation. These metabolic rates are an order of magnitude higher than observed for the same preaggregated structures cultured statically with comparable medium ratio and exchange conditions. The metabolic function data are supported by light microscopy images showing viable tissue structures, and electron microscopy images that reveal tight junctions, glycogen storage, and bile canaliculi.Tissue Engineering 08/2002; 8(3):499-513. · 4.07 Impact Factor